Sex-specific Differences in the Stress Response to Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm Repair
Examination of Sex-specific Differences in the Stress Response to Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm Repair - A Prospective Cohort Study
It is recognised that women are at greater risk of death, complications and longer hospital stay following intact abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) repair, and the reason for this is not yet established. This disparity in outcomes for women compared to men is also recognised in other forms of cardiovascular surgery, which raises the question of whether women and men are reacting differently to the stress of operative repair. This study aims to examine whether there are differences baseline stress markers and in the stress response to AAA repair between men and women. It will also examine whether markers of stress are associated with poor clinical outcomes and slower recovery (indicated by longer hospital stay). The study will take the form of an observational cohort study. It will not alter any of the treatment that men and women receive, but will monitor their stress levels using physiological markers (through ECG (electrocardiogram) monitoring using a non-invasive holter, biochemical markers using blood samples (which will be taken at the same time as routine testing, so as not to require further invasive procedures), and psychological testing, using short forms that the patient will be able to fill out independently at different stages of their recovery. Clinical data will be used to look for relevant factors (clinical history or medications) which may alter the stress markers we are observing, and to compare outcomes with markers of stress. Patients will be asked for their consent to share their data with the research team in order to participate in the study. It will be made clear that there will be no change in their clinical or operative management if they participate in the study and they will be able to withdraw consent for further participation at any time.
Biochemical measures of stress: level of serum cortisol & dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA)
Physiological parameters: assessment of beat-to-beat heart rate variability metrics.
Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm
Elective AAA Repair
Study Arms / Comparison Groups
Description: Elective AAA Repair
* Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by National Clinical Trials Identifier (NCT ID) in Medline.
February 1, 2022
October 1, 2023
Primary Completion Date
October 1, 2023
Inclusion Criteria: - Men and women undergoing primary elective intact AAA repair, open or endovascular (EVAR) at participating centres. - Capacity to consent. Exclusion Criteria: - Participants undergoing a secondary or emergency aortic procedure, or procedure for alternative aortic pathology. - Relevant confounding pathology such as hypothalamic-pituitary axis pathology (e.g. Addison's disease). - Lack of capacity to consent. - Participants with pacemaker dependency, or a significant arrhythmia, will be excluded from analysis of heart rate variability, but will be included in the study for analysis of psychological and biochemical markers of stress. - Participants on steroid treatment will also be excluded from analysis of biochemical markers but may be included for analysis of physiological markers and/or heart rate variability. - Participants must be over the age of 50 (In order to facilitate capture of degenerative aortic aneurysmal pathology rather than an alternative aortic pathology e.g. traumatic, connective tissue disorder).
50 Years - 100 Years
Accepts Healthy Volunteers
Imperial College London