Comparative Study of a Software With the Gold Standard

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Brief Title

Comparative Study of a Software With the Gold Standard

Official Title

Comparative Study of the PRAEVAorta Device in Patients With an Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm (AAA) : Percentage of Adequacy to the Gold Standard

Brief Summary

      Nurea wants to set-up a pivotal phase clinical study for its software PRAEVAorta, a
      decision-making support for diagnosis and follow-up of abdominal aorta aneurysm. This study
      is a comparative study. Its purpose is to demonstrate the adequacy of PRAEVAorta to the
      current Gold Standard in the care of patients with abdominal aortic aneurysm. The currently
      benchmark methods are the maximal diameter method (Hand-held measurement of maximum diameter
      on scan images) and the segmentation method for the aneurysm volume (manual segmentation of
      scan images, then calculation of the AAA volume by counting the pixels).

      The hypothesis is that 90% of the segmented patients have a volume ratio and a diameter
      ration equal to or greater than 90%.

Detailed Description

      Control and quality assurance will be applied in the investigation site. The monitor mandated
      by the sponsor Nurea will ensure the follow-up and the proper completion of the study, the
      collection of data in writing, their documentation, recording and report, in accordance with
      the procedures in place and in accordance with good clinical practice as well as the laws and
      regulations in force.

      Quality control visits realised at regular intervals will be realised by the monitor. During
      those visits, the following elements could be demanded:

        -  Informed consent forms, information note

        -  Respect of the plan of the study and the procedures defined in it

        -  Quality of the data collected in the Case Report Form (CRF): accuracy, missing data,
           consistency of data with the "source" documents (medical file, appointment book,
           originals of laboratory results).

        -  Management of any products

        -  Security data All contacts made will give rise to a specific written report

      Three type of visits (quality control) will be realised:

        -  The initiation visit (realised in person) will concern every person potentially involved
           in the investigation. This visit will be about presenting the plan, redefine inclusion
           objectives, recall everyone's responsibility and the regulation, as well as answering

        -  The monitoring visits will be realised by the monitor after the first inclusion to
           ensure the respect of the plan and the regulation, as well as the quality of the
           collected data. Those visits will be realised every 2weeks, but the frequency can vary
           regarding the complexity of the study, of the number and the pace of inclusions.
           Therefore, there will be at least one visit per month.

        -  The close-out visit will be realised after the last data have been collected. The
           purpose of this visit is to verify the quality of the collected data, to update the
           documents before archiving.

      In addition to these on-site travels, a regular monitoring over the phone will be realised in
      order to best support the participating physicians throughout the study.

      These quality controls are supplemented by regular follow-up audits in order to evaluate the
      quality of collected data and to crop the study. An audit may be conducted at any time by
      persons appointed by the sponsor and independent of the persons conducting the research. Its
      purpose is to verify the participants' safety and respect for their rights, compliance with
      applicable regulations and the reliability of data.

      An inspection can also be carried out by a competent authority (ANSM for France or EMA in the
      context of a European study, for example).

      The audit, as well as the inspection, can be applied at all stages of the research, from the
      development of the protocol to the publication of the results and the classification of the
      data used or produced as part of the research.

      Data management Access to data

      Only participating physicians and the monitor (or clinical research staff) will have access
      to source files during the monitoring visits.

      During quality control visits, the principal investigator must make the following documents

        -  informed consent,

        -  briefing notes,

        -  observation notebooks,

        -  source documents (medical records, appointment books, etc.) In accordance with the law
           in force, patients have a right of access to their medical file. According to the law of
           January 2002, patients will be told where they can inquire about the results of the

      Guidelines for collecting data

      The term "Case Report Form (CRF)" designates any document whatever its support (for example
      paper, optical, magnetic or electronic) intended to collect in writing all the information
      required by the protocol concerning each person who is suitable for research and to be sent
      to the sponsor.

      All the information required by the protocol must be recorded in case report forms and an
      explanation must be provided for any missing data. The data will have to be collected as and
      when they are obtained and transcribed in these notebooks in a clear and legible way.

      It is the responsibility of the investigator to complete the CRF, but he may delegate this
      task to the clinical trial technicians or to the research nurse, provided that he has
      previously completed a task delegation form.

      Data collection will be done using e-CRF that will include patient characteristics and study
      data. The patient will be identified by an alphanumeric code and the data concerning him/her
      will be anonymized in the form. The code will be reported on all pages of the observation

      Modification of e-CRF data

      Corrections of errors which have occurred in an e-CRF will be carried out via the correction
      module thereof, and must be dated, initialed, and justified.

      The copies of the observation notebooks will be kept for at least 15 years on the
      investigation site while the original copy, once the quality control has been carried out,
      will be archived by the sponsor for the same duration.

      Standard operating procedures

      Investigators will determine whether patients meet the inclusion criteria, and whether the
      use of one or the other device will bring them beneficial results.

      Screening / pre-selection The selection of the patients is realised by the principal
      investigator. A first screening of the patient that could be included in the study is

      To be pre-included, those patients shall:

        1. be still followed by the hospital for the duration of the study,

        2. have at least one scheduled visit in the Vascular and General Surgery unit over the
           study period

        3. respect the selection criteria (inclusion and exclusion criteria), The discrimination of
           the group of patients is carried out according to the list above.

      Pre-inclusion visit The presentation of the clinical study and the proposition to participate
      to it will be presented to the patient by an investigator doctor during one of his follow-up
      routine visit (regarding his care pathway).

      The investigator surgeon verifies the match to the eligibility criteria. The information
      notes and the consent form are given to the patient at this same visit. A reasonable response
      period is given to the patient to return the consent form signed. Its inclusion will be
      effective upon the return of this signed consent.

      Reception of the consent form / inclusion

      When the consent of the patient has been received, the following data are registered in the

        -  Demographic data: Birth date, age, gender

        -  Investigation data: Patient number, date of signature of the consent

        -  Images data: Pre-operation scan, post-operation scan The inclusion is validated when all
           data (cited above) are registered in the e-CRF.

      Sample size assessment

      To answer the main objective of this study, we set up a precision of the proportion of
      volumes calculated by the software PRAEVAorta in adequation with the volumes hand calculated
      by the healthcare professionals.

      For this statistical analysis, variables are quantitative: volume of the aneurysm in mm3. We
      consider over here the proportion of patients' images who have a volume ratio less or greater
      than 90%.

      Volume ratio : \frac{PRAEVAorta\ volume-hand\ volume}{PRAEVAorta\ volume}

      Hypothesis are the following:

      H0: 90% of the segmented patients have a volume ratio < 90% H1: 90% of the segmented patient
      have a volume ratio ≥ 90% We would like to have a precision of this proportion of 10%.
      Therefore, the numbers of patients needed, with an α risk of 5% and a β risk of 0.9% is 35.

      n=\ \frac{\varepsilon_\alpha^2\bullet p\bullet q}{i^2}=\
      \frac{{1.96}^2\times0.9\times0.1}{{0.1}^2}=34.5 With i: precision, p: proportion, q: 1 -
      proportion, εα: obtained with the reduced table of the normal law.

      For security reasons and to anticipate the possible withdrawals, we choose to include
      approximately 10% more subjects, for a total of 40 patients.

      Patients will be divided in two groups: 20 patients will see their pre-op images analysed and
      20 patients will see their post-op images analysed.

      Satistical analysis plan

      To evaluate the segmentation obtained with the software, a quantitative comparison with the
      results obtained from a semi-automatic segmentation manually corrected by a senior and a
      junior surgeon shall be realised. The Dice Similarity Coefficient (DSC), Jaccard index(JAC),
      Sensitivity, Specificity, volumetric similarity (VS), Hausdorff distance (HD), maximum aortic
      transverse diameter, and the duration of segmentation will be calculated between the two
      methods and, for the semiautomatic software, also between the two observers. A Pearson's
      coefficient correlation is done to evaluate the correlation between the volumes, surfaces,
      and diameters measures with the fully automatic and manually corrected segmentation methods.

Study Type


Primary Outcome

AAA maximum diameter


Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm (AAA)


Surgeons CT scan analysis

Study Arms / Comparison Groups

Description:  Patients are their own witnesses


* Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by National Clinical Trials Identifier (NCT ID) in Medline.

Recruitment Information

Recruitment Status


Estimated Enrollment


Start Date

March 1, 2020

Completion Date

September 2022

Primary Completion Date

September 2022

Eligibility Criteria

        Inclusion Criteria:

          -  Male or female

          -  Patient equal or over 18 years old

          -  Patient who has given and signed is informed consent

          -  Patient with a diagnosed aneurysm

          -  Infra-renal AAA

               -  ≥50mm

               -  or ≥5mm increase in 6 months

               -  or Ruptured AAA

          -  Patient with legal capacity to make its own decisions,

          -  Patient available for set-up and proper implementation of follow-up visits throughout
             the duration of the registry

        Exclusion Criteria:

          -  Pregnant or planning on becoming pregnant

          -  Advancing Alzheimer's disease or socially dependent patient

          -  Patient on opposition to the use of their data for this research

          -  Patient under the age of 18

          -  Incapable adult

          -  Patient under guardianship, curatorship, or safeguard of justice




18 Years - N/A

Accepts Healthy Volunteers



Eric DUCASSE, , 

Location Countries


Location Countries


Administrative Informations



Organization ID


Responsible Party


Study Sponsor


Study Sponsor

Eric DUCASSE, Principal Investigator, Universitary Hospital Pellegrin

Verification Date

March 2022