Trial of IRE in Cholangiocarcinoma
Trial Of IRE in Cholangiocarcinoma (TOnIC): Phase II
The purpose of this study is to test any good and bad side effects of surgery using IRE to treat cancer of the bile duct.
Number of Patients Experiencing a Clinically Relevant Complications
Study Arms / Comparison Groups
intraoperative use of IRE
Description: Patients with intraoperatively determined advanced unresectable PHC will be treated with IRE during the same surgical exploration session (N=20). Electrodes will be placed using ultrasound guidance. All electrodes will be placed by hepatopancreatobiliary surgeons with experience using IRE.
* Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by National Clinical Trials Identifier (NCT ID) in Medline.
December 5, 2018
August 16, 2021
Primary Completion Date
August 16, 2021
Inclusion Criteria: - Age 18 years or older - Capable of providing written and oral informed consent in English - Locally advanced disease based on preoperative work-up demonstrating that the tumor is unresectable due to portal vein, hepatic artery, and/or bile duct involvement, insufficient hypertrophy response of the future liver remnant after portal vein embolization, or patients not able to tolerate major liver surgery - Found to be unresectable intraoperatively based on vascular, biliary, or lymph node (N2) involvement upon exploratory laparotomy - Patients will be assessed for chemotherapy prior to treatment with IRE, but given the common problem of recurrent cholangitis, some patients will not be candidates for chemotherapy until after IRE is performed. Exclusion Criteria: - Locally advanced PHC eligible and accepted for liver transplantation evaluation - PHC with > 5 cm extension along the common hepatic duct or common bile duct on preoperative imaging or intraoperative ultrasound - Metastases to peritoneum, liver or other organs confirmed by percutaneous biopsy, staging laparoscopy or intraoperative frozen section - Lymph node metastases beyond N2 stations, confirmed by intraoperative frozen sections or radiographic diagnosis - History of cardiac disease: - Congestive heart failure (NYHA class >2) - Active Coronary Artery Disease (defined as myocardial infarction within 6 months prior to screening) - Cardiac arrhythmias requiring anti-arrhythmic therapy or pacemaker (beta blockers are permitted) - Any implanted stimulation device (defined as implantable cardiac device and a pacemaker) - Uncontrolled hypertension (blood pressure must be ≤160/95 mmHg at the time of screening on a stable antihypertensive regimen) - Uncontrolled infections (> grade 2 NCI-CTC, version 3.0) - Epilepsy - Both narrowing (sclerosis) of the main portal vein and a reduced diameter of either the common hepatic artery, celiac trunk or superior mesenteric artery of >50%
18 Years - N/A
Accepts Healthy Volunteers
T. Peter Kingham, MD, ,
Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center
T. Peter Kingham, MD, Principal Investigator, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center