Pancreatic Head and Peri-ampullary Cancer Laparoscopic vs Open Surgical Treatment Trial (PLOT)
A Prospective Randomized Controlled Trial Comparing Laparoscopic Versus Open Pancreatoduodenectomy for Malignant Periampullary and Pancreatic Head Lesions
The aim of this study is to compare the two surgical approaches namely laparoscopic pancreatoduodenectomy and open pancreatoduodenectomy for management of periampullary and pancreatic head cancers in terms of parameters like hospital stay, pathological radicality, complication rate, peri-operative and post operative outcomes.
Laparoscopic pancreatoduodenectomy (LPD) although technically difficult, requiring high degree of expertise, has shown equal efficacy in terms of complications, oncological safety & overall outcome to that of open pancreatoduodenectomy (OPD) with advantages of minimally invasive surgery like decreased blood loss, reduced pain, shorter hospital stay & early return to work. Although current literature from various centres supports its use, the studies done so far are, case comparisons of either small sample of population or non-randomized trials. According to our knowledge, a randomized trial analyzing open versus laparoscopic pancreatoduodenectomy (PD) in terms of complications and outcome, has not been reported. With this current study we will try to address this issue. This study is a prospective, randomized, parallel group, controlled trail comparing laparoscopic versus open pancreatoduodenectomy in relation to the hospital stay, peri-operative parameters, pathological radicality & complications. This is a single institute based trial, being conducted at GEM hospital and research center, Coimbatore, TN, India. The trial has been approved by the GEM Hospital ethical committee. Through this trial we are planning to enroll patients having resectable periampullary and pancreatic head malignant lesion at diagnosis. After full assessment, optimization, approval of hospital tumor board with informed consent, those patients selected for surgical therapy with curative intention, will be randomized using computer generated random numbers either into Laparoscopic Pancreatoduodenectomy (LPD) group or Open Pancreatoduodenectomy (OPD) group. The details of surgery, blood loss, operating time, conversion if any as well as details of postoperative events, hospital stay & complications if any will be recorded in proforma. Protocols for adjuvant therapy according to pathological stages will be followed. These patients will be reviewed at 1, 3 and 6 months post-surgery. The primary outcome will be hospital stay at time of discharge or death. The secondary outcomes will be Blood Loss, Operating Time, Complications and pathological radicality at discharge or death. The trial is expected to last for a duration of 2 years.
Adenocarcinoma of Head of Pancreas
Study Arms / Comparison Groups
Description: patients will be randomized to laparoscopic pancreatoduodenectomy group
* Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by National Clinical Trials Identifier (NCT ID) in Medline.
Primary Completion Date
Inclusion Criteria: - Adult males or females with a diagnosis of either of resectable Periampullary and pancreatic head cancers with 1. No evidence of metastasis 2. Radiological non-involvement of Superior Mesenteric Vein & Portal Vein 3. Preserved fat planes between celiac axis, Hepatic Artery & Superior Mesenteric Artery Exclusion Criteria: 1. Unresectable Tumor at surgery 2. Pancreatoduodenectomy for other diagnosis like cystic tumors or chronic calcific pancreatitis with head mass 3. With prior Neoadjuvant treatment
30 Years - 70 Years
Accepts Healthy Volunteers
Senthilnathan Palanisamy, MS, DNB, ,
GEM Hospital & Research Center
Senthilnathan Palanisamy, MS, DNB, Principal Investigator, Gem Hospital & Research Centre Private Limited, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India