ASLAN001 in Patients With Advanced or Metastatic Cholangiocarcinoma Who Progressed on at Least 1 Line of Systemic Therapy
A Phase 2A, Single Arm, Multicentre, Study of ASLAN001 in Patients With Advanced or Metastatic Cholangiocarcinoma Who Progressed on at Least 1 Line of Systemic Therapy
This is a single arm, multicentre, Phase 2 study to assess efficacy and safety of ASLAN001 in patients with advanced or metastatic cholangiocarcinoma who progressed on at least 1 line of systemic therapy. 25 evaluable patients will be enrolled in the study. After evaluation of initial response in the first 10 evaluable patients, Sponsor will make a decision on recruitment of an additional 15 evaluable patients. If no response is observed, the study will stop. The primary objective is to assess efficacy of varlitinib (also known as ASLAN001) as measured by ORR (based on RECIST v1.1). The secondary objectives are to (1) evaluate the efficacy of varlitinib, as measured by DoR, PFS, OS and DCR, (2) assess ORR, DoR, PFS, DCR and OS by tumor EGFR/HER2 status, (3) assess safety and tolerability of ASLAN001 monotherapy. Exploratory objectives are to explore possible relationships between response to ASLAN001 and the protein expression levels and gene mutational status of the proteins and genes via IHC and PCR/Sequencing.
Cholangiocarcinoma (CCA) is a malignancy arising from the biliary epithelium characterized by poor prognosis and poor response to current treatments. Emerging at any portion of the biliary tree, it includes a group of tumours with epidemiologic, morphologic, biologic, and clinical heterogeneity. Despite recent medical advances, the long-term outcomes and recurrence rates for CCA are poor. The 5-year survival rate following surgical resection is 11-40%. Tumour recurrence rates are as high as 50-65%, with a median time to recurrence between 12-43 months. In the United States, the incidence and mortality of CCA have increased over the last 30 years without clear underlying etiological reasons. The only curative therapy is surgical; however this is not an option for many patients given the stage of the disease at presentation and metastasis. While improvements in diagnostic modalities and neoadjuvant chemotherapy have allowed for detection at earlier stages and greater survival rates, the prognosis is still unfavorable. Therapies that can decrease tumour growth, improve resection outcomes, increase survival rates, and decrease recurrence would make a great impact on the quality of life of CCA patients and are urgently needed. Currently, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA)-approved agents used in unresectable CCA include gemcitabine, capecitabine, cisplatin, oxaliplatin, fluoropyrimidines (including 5-fluorouracil), or a combination of these. However, none are FDA-approved primarily for use in CCA specifically. Gemcitabine and cisplatin combination therapy, along with fluoropyrimidine-based or other gemcitabine-based regimens are part of the guidelines for unresectable cancer per the National Comprehensive Cancer Network. To date, the most effective chemotherapy regimen is administration of gemcitabine with cisplatin or oxaliplatin, which have now become the standard of care for systemic therapy. Even this most efficacious treatment has been found to only modestly increase overall survival (11.7 months vs 8.3 months for patients receiving gemcitabine alone) and progression-free survival (8.4 vs 6.5 months). Standard treatment as second-line chemotherapy for CCA is unclear as there is no significant evidence for specific therapy which indicates that further chemotherapy beyond progression on first-line chemotherapy improves survival. CCA involves mutations in members of the ErbB family, including EGFR and HER2 mutations. EGFR is overexpressed in both intrahepatic and extrahepatic CCA (30.8% and 20.9%, respectively) and is an independent prognostic factor in intrahepatic cases, per Yang et al 2014. While this study found overexpression of HER2 exclusively in extrahepatic samples (and only in 4.5% of these), previous studies have implicated this protein in both extra- and intrahepatic tumours. Settakorn et al (2005) showed HER2 expression is correlated with high histological grade in intrahepatic CCA. Kim et al. (2007) found HER2 (gene and protein levels) are overexpressed in approximately 30% of extrahepatic CCA patients and is a prognostic factor for survival in those with lymph node metastasis. EGFR, HER2, and HER4 are single-pass transmembrane glycoprotein receptors, members of the type I receptor tyrosine kinase family. Upon ligand binding, their activation induces the homo- or heterodimerization and subsequent phosphorylation of intracellular tyrosines, which lead to both cell proliferation and survival and therefore cancer development and progression. EGFR and HER2 inhibitors have both demonstrated clinical efficacy in cancer treatment. The simultaneous inhibition of both represents a new therapeutic approach for broadly targeting different tumour types that may be more effective than selective inhibition of each receptor. Varlitinib, also known as ASLAN001 is a potent, orally active inhibitor of the receptor tyrosine kinases epidermal growth factor (EGFR) and human epidermal growth factor receptors 2 and 4 (HER2, HER4). In cell-based assays, varlitinib has been shown to potently inhibit the phosphorylation of EGFR, HER2, and HER4 in a dose-dependent manner. In cell lines overexpressing HER2, varlitinib also inhibited the phosphorylation of the HER2 downstream effector AKT. ASLAN hypothesises that varlitinib will inhibit EGFR, HER2, HER4 as their mutations results in CCA, thus in turn inhibiting the growth of cancerous cells and development/progression. ASLAN believes that varlitinib is a compound that may be beneficial to patients with cancer by simultaneous inhibition of these receptors.
Objective Response Rate (ORR)
Progression Free Survival (PFS)
Study Arms / Comparison Groups
Treatment Arm A
Description: Varlitinib (ASLAN001) tablets
* Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by National Clinical Trials Identifier (NCT ID) in Medline.
November 16, 2015
October 11, 2017
Primary Completion Date
July 7, 2017
Inclusion Criteria: - Patient must have advanced (unresectable) or metastatic, intra or extra hepatic adenocarcinoma originated from bile duct. Histologically-confirmed diagnosis is required for the first 10 evaluable patients. The following patients could be confirmed histologically or cytologically. - Patients must have disease progression after failing at least 1 line of systemic drug regimen for advanced cholangiocarcinoma due to disease progression or intolerance. - Presence of radiographically measurable disease based on RECIST v1.1. - No evidence of biliary duct obstruction, unless obstruction is controlled by local treatment or, in whom the biliary tree can be decompressed by endoscopic or percutaneous stenting with subsequent reduction in bilirubin to below 1.5 x upper level of normal (ULN). - Patients of respective country's legal age or older at the time of written informed consent. - Patients with Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status of 0 or 1. - Patient must be able to understand and willing to sign the informed consent form and donate tumour tissue (archival or fresh) for evaluation of relevant exploratory endpoints. The first 10 evaluable patients need to have adequate archival tissues for exploratory objectives. - Patient with adequate organ and hematological function: - Hematological function, as follows: - Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) ≥ 1.5 x 10^9/L - Platelet count ≥ 100 x 10^9/L - Renal functions, as follows: ---Serum creatinine ≤ 1.5x ULN or eGFR > 60 mL/min/1.73m^2 - Hepatic function, as follows: - Total bilirubin ≤ 1.5 x ULN - AST and ALT ≤ 5 x ULN Exclusion Criteria: - Patient with radiation or local treatment within the past 6 weeks for the target lesion(s). - Patients with major surgical procedures within 21 days prior to study entry. - Patient with brain lesion, known brain metastases (unless previously treated and well controlled for a period of at least 3 months). - Patient with malabsorption syndrome, diseases significantly affecting gastrointestinal function, resection of the stomach or small bowel, or difficulty in swallowing and retaining oral medications. - Patients with an uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to, ongoing or active infection, unstable angina pectoris, cardiac arrhythmia, diabetes, hypertension, or psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements. - Patients with any history of other malignancy unless in remission for more than 1 year. (Nonmelanoma skin carcinoma and carcinoma-in-site of uterine cervix treated with curative intent is not exclusionary). - Female patients who are pregnant or breast feeding. - Patients who were previously treated with Varlitinib. - Patients who have received any investigational drug (or have used an investigational device) within the last 14 days before receiving the first dose of study medication. - Patient with unresolved or unstable serious toxicity ( ≥ CTCAE 4.03 Grade 2) from prior administration of another investigational drug and/or prior cancer treatment. - Patients with a known history of HIV, decompensated cirrhosis, chronic hepatitis B with HBV DNA > 2000 IU/ml or persistent abnormal ALT in the past 6 months, chronic hepatitis C with persistent abnormal ALT in the past 6 months. - Known History of drug addiction within last 1 year. - Patients who need continuous treatment with proton pump inhibitors during the study period. - Any history or presence of clinically significant cardiovascular, respiratory, hepatic, renal, hematologic, gastrointestinal, endocrine, immunologic, dermatologic, neurologic or psychiatric disease or any other condition which in the opinion of the Investigator could jeopardize the safety of the patient or the validity of the study results. For additional information regarding investigative sites for this trial, pls contact ASLAN at [email protected]
N/A - N/A
Accepts Healthy Volunteers
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Korea, Republic of
Korea, Republic of
Please contact us for more information, Study Director, ASLAN Pharmaceuticals Pte Ltd