Facilitating Diagnostics and Prognostics of Parkinsonian Syndromes Using Neuroimaging
Quantitative Diagnostics of Parkinsonian Syndromes Using Multi-modal Neuroimaging and Deep Learning
The goals of this study are: 1) to identify biomarkers using neuroimaging that are associated with progression rate using statistical methods, and 2) to identify biomarkers that are associated with the differential diagnosis of Parkinson's disease and atypical parkinsonism.
Management of patients with parkinsonian symptoms has two critical gaps: (1) there are no clinically accepted biomarkers that may be used to inform disease progression rate in an individual with Parkinson disease (PD), and (2) no biomarkers exist to inform differential diagnosis of conditions that exhibit parkinsonian symptoms and signs. This 2-year study aims to develop a multi-modal neuroimaging biomarker that enables the prediction of disease progression rate in PD, and a biomarker that enables the differential diagnosis of PD, multiple systems atrophy (MSA), progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP), and healthy controls. This study consists of two parts; neuroimaging of a defined population of mid to late stage PD subjects currently followed at UT Southwestern Medical Center, and recruitment of new subjects with PD, MSA, and PSP who will be followed clinically over 2 years and who will undergo neuroimaging. Participants will be asked to undergo several types of neuroimaging which will be analyzed using machine learning techniques. At each study visit of the newly recruited cohorts, appropriate clinical scales will be performed based on their diagnosis and used to track and measure disease severity and progression.
Imaging biomarker of progression rate
Change from baseline in MDS-UPDRS score
Study Arms / Comparison Groups
Aim 1: Develop a biomarker of PD disease progression rate
Description: For Aim 1, we will enroll PD subjects spanning a range of progression rates that have been tracked at UT Southwestern Medical Center. Multimodal neuroimaging will be acquired from each subject. We will evaluate imaging data and known data on clinical progression using statistical techniques to determine a biomarker that associates with progression rate.
* Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by National Clinical Trials Identifier (NCT ID) in Medline.
March 28, 2019
Primary Completion Date
Inclusion Criteria: For Aim 1: - Diagnosis of Parkinson disease - Existence of sufﬁcient clinical data from previous UTS Southwestern longitudinal study to determine progression rate (categorized as fast or slow) - Availability of suitable matched participant in the alternate progression group (fast or slow) - Willingness to participate in the imaging studies required for this study and to provide written informed consent For Aim 2: PD subjects will be recruited in accordance with the MDS Clinical Diagnostic Criteria for PD. - Duration of PD (since diagnosis) is < 5 years - Willing to participate in imaging and clinical scoring visits, and provide written informed consent - Subject and investigator agree that it is highly likely subject will be able to participate throughout the 2-year study period (no plans to move) MSA subjects will be recruited in accordance with the Second Consensus Statement on Diagnosis of Multiple System Atrophy. - Duration of MSA (since diagnosis) is < 5 years - Willing to participate in imaging and clinical scoring visits, and provide written informed consent - Subject and investigator agree that it is highly likely subject will be able to participate throughout the 2-year study period (no plans to move away during the study) PSP subjects will be recruited in accordance with the MDS Criteria for Diagnosis of Progressive Supranuclear Palsy and must meet the designation of "probable PSP" for inclusion. - Willing to participate in imaging and clinical scoring visits, and provide written informed consent - Subject and investigator agree that it is highly likely subject will be able to participate throughout the 2-year study period (no plans to move away during the study) Control subjects will be recruited who meet the following criteria: - Roughly age and sex matched with the subjects in the PD cohort - No history or examination findings suggestive of any neurodegenerative disease - Normal gait, balance, and eye movements for age - No clinical evidence for symptomatic orthostatic hypotension - Willing to participate in imaging and clinical scoring visits, and provide written informed consent - Subject and investigator agree that it is highly likely subject will be able to participate throughout the 2-year study period (no plans to move away during the study) Exclusion Criteria: For Aims 1 and 2: - Any contraindications to undergoing the multimodal imaging program - All females of child-bearing potential, between the ages of 18-55, will be excluded from the study, unless they are confirmed to be not pregnant with a pregnancy test prior to scanning - This study will require constant clear communication throughout the duration of the study; therefore, non-English speakers will be excluded - Right-handed finger amputees - Cast on right hand or fingers at the time of enrollment - Has clinically significant liver, kidney, lung, metabolic or hormone disturbances which pose safety risk - Has a current clinically significant heart disease that poses a safety risk - Has a current clinically significant infectious disease or a medical comorbidity which poses a safety risk - Has a history of relevant severe drug allergy or hypersensitivity - Have a history of drug, alcohol, or substance dependence or abuse within the last year, or prior prolonged history of dependence or abuse - Currently undergoing chemotherapy or radiation for cancer - Recreational drug use in past six months - Central nervous systems disease or brain injury that would preclude participation in this study - Psychiatric or neurological disorder that would preclude participation in this study - Inability to keep or maintain research appointments For Aim 1: - Severe disease progression such that participation in the imaging tests would be impossible or difficult - Non-availability of a suitable matched participant in the alternate progression group (fast or slow) For Aim 2: PD subjects 1. Unequivocal cerebellar abnormalities 2. Downward vertical gaze limitation or slowing of downward saccades 3. Diagnosis of behavioral variant frontotemporal dementia or primary progressive aphasia 4. Parkinsonian features restricted to the lower limbs for > 3 years 5. Treatment with dopamine blockers or depleters in a time course consistent with drug induced parkinsonism 6. Absence of an observable response to high dose levodopa despite moderate disease severity 7. Expert considers a diagnosis of alternative syndrome more likely than PD 8. Rapid progression of gait impairment requiring wheelchair within 5 years of onset 9. Complete absence of progression of motor symptoms over 5 years unless due to treatment 10. Early bulbar dysfunction within the first 5 years since diagnosis 11. Inspiratory respiratory dysfunction (stridor or frequent sighs) 12. Severe autonomic failure in the first 5 years 13. Recurrent falls (>1 per year) because of impaired balance in the first 3 years 14. Disproportionate dystonic anterocollis or hand contractures of hands or feet within 10 years 15. Absence of any of the common non-motor features of PD despite 5 years of disease 16. Otherwise unexplained pyramidal tract signs (weakness, hyperreflexia, or extensor toe signs) 17. Bilateral symmetric parkinsonism MSA subjects 1. Clinically significant neuropathy 2. Hallucinations not induced by drugs 3. Onset after age 75 years 4. Family history of ataxia or parkinsonism 5. White matter lesions suggesting multiple sclerosis PSP subjects 1. Predominant, otherwise unexplained impairment of episodic memory, suggestive of AD (Alzheimer's disease) 2. Predominant, otherwise unexplained autonomic failure, e.g., orthostatic hypotension (orthostatic reduction in blood pressure after 3 minutes standing > 30 mm Hg systolic or > 15 mm Hg diastolic), suggestive of multiple system atrophy or Lewy body disease 3. Predominant, otherwise unexplained visual hallucinations or fluctuations in alertness, suggestive of dementia with Lewy bodies 4. Predominant, otherwise unexplained multisegmental upper and lower motor neuron signs, suggestive of motor neuron disease (pure upper motor neuron signs are not an exclusion criterion) 5. Sudden onset or step-wise or rapid progression of symptoms, in conjunction with corresponding imaging or laboratory findings, suggestive of vascular etiology, autoimmune encephalitis, metabolic encephalopathies, or prion disease 6. History of encephalitis 7. Prominent appendicular ataxia 8. Identifiable cause of postural instability, e.g., primary sensory deficit, vestibular dysfunction, severe spasticity, or lower motor neuron syndrome Control subjects a. In the investigator's opinion, an unsuitable candidate to serve as a control
N/A - N/A
Accepts Healthy Volunteers
Accepts Healthy Volunteers
Richard B Dewey, MD, 214-648-7578, pheba[email protected]
University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center
Richard B Dewey, MD, Principal Investigator, UT Southwestern Medical Center