The Effectiveness of Parent-Child Interaction Therapy (PCIT)

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Brief Title

The Effectiveness of Parent-Child Interaction Therapy (PCIT)

Official Title

The Effectiveness of Parent-Child Interaction Therapy (PCIT) in Treating Behavior Problems in Young Children

Brief Summary

      The purpose of this study was to investigate whether a type of parent-based intervention,
      Parent-Child Interaction Therapy will lower symptoms of behavior problems in young children
      more than treatment as usual.

Detailed Description

      Behaviour problems, i.e. symptoms of oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) and conduct disorder
      (CD) are among the prevalent psychiatric disorders in children and one of the leading causes
      of help-seeking for mental health problems in children. There are several efficacious
      treatments for such problems in young children. However, most of these require that parents
      meet in groups. This is not always feasible. It is therefore a need to develop treatments
      that can deal with parents and families individually. Parent-Child Interaction Therapy (PCIT)
      is such an individually based treatment. Efficacy studies indicate symptom reduction greater
      that in treatment as usual (TAU). However, there is a need to study its effectiveness in
      ordinary clinical practise. This trial will study its effect in ordinary psychiatric clinics
      in the middle of Norway and compare it to the regular treatment (TAU) provided to young
      children with behavior problems in these clinics.

Study Type


Primary Outcome

Eyberg Child Behavior Inventory (ECBI)

Secondary Outcome

 Dyadic Parent-Child Interaction Coding System (DPICS)


Behavior Problems


Parent-Child Interaction Therapy

Study Arms / Comparison Groups

Description:  Provision of Parent-Child Interaction Therapy


* Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by National Clinical Trials Identifier (NCT ID) in Medline.

Recruitment Information

Recruitment Status


Estimated Enrollment


Start Date

September 2006

Completion Date

March 2013

Primary Completion Date

January 2013

Eligibility Criteria

        Inclusion Criteria:

          -  Referred to Child mental health specialty clinic for behavioral or
             attentional/hyperactive problems

          -  ECBI score of > 120

          -  2 to 7 years of age

          -  Parental consent to the study

        Exclusion Criteria:

          -  Psychosis or serious drug abuse in parents

          -  Lack of sufficient proficiency in Norwegian to fill in the questionnaires

          -  Mental retardation or pervasive developmental disorder in the child

          -  Suspicion of parental neglect or abuse of the child warranting a report to the child
             protection services




2 Years - 7 Years

Accepts Healthy Volunteers



Lars Wichstrøm, prof, , 

Location Countries


Location Countries


Administrative Informations



Organization ID


Responsible Party


Study Sponsor

Norwegian University of Science and Technology


 St. Olavs Hospital

Study Sponsor

Lars Wichstrøm, prof, Study Director, Norwegian University of Science and Technology

Verification Date

September 2016