Randomized Feasibility Trial of Mind My Mind

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Brief Title

Randomized Feasibility Trial of Mind My Mind

Official Title

A Randomized Feasibility Trial of a New Transdiagnostic Cognitive and Behavioral Intervention Versus Treatment as Usual in School-aged Children With Emotional and Behavioral Disturbances

Brief Summary

      In this feasibility RCT of the modular and flexible cognitive and behavioural therapy (Mind
      My Mind, MMM) compared with treatment as usual, the overall research aim was to explore the
      trial design and the acceptability of the assessments, interventions and outcome measures
      among children, parents, teachers and therapists, and secondly to provide data to estimate
      the parameters required to design a definitive RCT.

Detailed Description

      Background and aims:

      Emotional and behavioral disorders are common in youths, and large-scale implementation of
      evidence-based treatments lack behind the needs of the population. The Mind My Mind (MMM)
      study in Denmark is a multidisciplinary collaborative effort to adapt current evidence-based
      treatment strategies for implementation with school children in diverse municipalities in
      Denmark. The overarching goals of the Mind My Mind study are to develop, implement, evaluate
      and disseminate a program for the prevention and treatment of children's emotional and
      behavioral disturbances at the lowest effective level.


      A parallel, two-arm trial compared the modular and flexible cognitive and behavioral therapy
      (Mind My Mind, MMM) with treatment as usual (TAU) for children aged 6-16 years with
      subclinical or clinical levels of emotional and behavioral difficulties.

      The trial was conducted in diverse municipalities in Denmark in the period from December 2015
      to March 2017. Participants were help-seeking school-children with indicated needs for
      psychological help. The help-seeking children entered a two-stage screening for eligibility
      by web-based standardized psychometric instruments: 1) the strengths and difficulties
      questionnaire (SDQ), 2) the Child Behaviour Checklist (CBCL) and the Youth Self-Report (YSR).
      This screening procedure was set up as a new routine in the Pedagogical Psychological
      Services (PPR) in the Municipalities. The screening enabled PPR to identify children with
      anxiety, depressive symptoms and/or behavioral problems causing distress/impact in their
      daily life (eligible for the study) versus those with too mild problems (excluded based on
      SDQ-parent-scores below a pre-specified cut-off according to an algorithm) or too severe
      problems (excluded and referred to the Child and Adolescent Psychiatry or other specialized
      services). If the child was eligible, both parents were asked to give informed consent to
      inclusion of the child in the research study.

      The included children were randomized (3:1) to MMM versus TAU. All outcomes were measured by
      use of self-, parent-, and teacher-reported questionnaires covering specific and general
      psychopathology, daily and social functioning, quality of life of the child, and parental
      distress at baseline, week 14 and week 22. At entry, the child and the parent formulated each
      three problems that they wanted to change. The Top-3-problems were written into the web-based
      questionnaire using their own words. Then, each problem was scored on a 10-point likert scale
      along with scoring of the Brief Problem Monitor (BPM) by the child and the parent separately.
      These scores were collected weekly during the treatment period, at end of treatment (week 14)
      and at follow-up (week 22). The satisfaction with the MMM sessions was also scored weekly
      (MMM arm only).

      The primary objectives and outcomes measures:

        1. To assess the flow of participants through the visitation

        2. To explore whether the visitation procedures, and the inclusion and exclusion criteria
           were applicable and appropriate for the recruitment. The included and the excluded
           children were described and compared with regard to the family and social
           characteristics, and the type and severity of psychopathology as measured with the SDQ,
           CBCL and YSR.

        3. To assess the retention of children in the MMM arm.

        4. To assess the proportion of children in the MMM arm who were referred to more
           specialized services during the study period.

        5. To assess the satisfaction with MMM sessions among children and parents in the MMM arm.

        6. To describe the dosing and sequencing of the MMM modules as reported by the therapists
           after each session and compare the actual use of the MMM manual with the intended use
           according to the manual.

      The secondary objectives and outcomes measures:

        1. To measure the key outcome domains with regard to completion rates, missing data, and
           the estimated differences between MMM and TAU.

        2. To perform an initial validation of the Top-3-problem-scores by studying the
           correlations between the scores within and across informants, across time, and the
           correlations between the Top-3-problem-scores and the BPM-scores.

      Statistical analyses:

      The feasibility measures were summarized using standard descriptive statistics. The group
      differences in outcome were analyzed in intention-to-treat (ITT) analyses using mixed models
      repeated measures or linear regression analyses with multiple imputations.


      The new modular and flexible manual, the centralized education and supervision of the
      psychologists, and the web-based data collection with feedback in real time was implemented
      in an explanatory feasibility trial to prepare for a future definitive RCT.

Study Type


Primary Outcome

The flow of participants through the visitation.

Secondary Outcome

 Spence Children's Anxiety Scale (SCAS)




Mind My Mind

Study Arms / Comparison Groups

 MMM (Mind My Mind training)
Description:  Mind My Mind training


* Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by National Clinical Trials Identifier (NCT ID) in Medline.

Recruitment Information

Recruitment Status


Estimated Enrollment


Start Date

December 8, 2015

Completion Date

April 2, 2017

Primary Completion Date

April 2, 2017

Eligibility Criteria

        Inclusion Criteria:

          1. Aged 6-16 years and in 0-9th grade (excluding the second semester of the 9th grade).

          2. Bother genders.

          3. Child and/or parents report that the child has problems within the domains of anxiety,
             depressive symptoms and behavioral problems.

          4. SDQ scores reported by the parent are above the lower cutoff: a total difficulties
             score of ≥14 and/or emotional problems ≥5; combined with a functional impairment score
             of ≥1.

          5. The child and at least one of the two parents understand and speak Danish sufficiently
             to participate in the treatment.

          6. Written informed consent from the holders of the parental rights and responsibilities
             (usually both parents).

        Exclusion Criteria:

          1. Indications based on the available information that the child may have a severe mental
             disorder like autism spectrum disorder, ADHD, schizophrenia-like psychosis, an eating
             disorder, or other mental disorder requiring referral to a more intensive assessment
             or treatment in child and adolescent mental health services (after systematic
             assessment and according to the usual recommendations and guidelines).

          2. Indications of intellectual functional impairment, severe learning difficulties or
             other special needs that would interfere negatively with the MMM training. The
             judgment is made as a best estimate by the PPR psychologist on the basis of the
             available information. A formal intelligence test is not required.

          3. The child has a clinically significant abuse of alcohol or psychoactive drugs

          4. Parents did not answer the SDQ and CBCL during visitation




6 Years - 16 Years

Accepts Healthy Volunteers



Pia Jeppesen, Ph.D., , 

Administrative Informations



Organization ID


Responsible Party

Principal Investigator

Study Sponsor

Mental Health Services in the Capital Region, Denmark


 TrygFonden, Denmark

Study Sponsor

Pia Jeppesen, Ph.D., Principal Investigator, Child and Adolescent Mental Health Centre, Mental Health Services of the Capital Region of Denmark

Verification Date

February 2018