Endometrial Cancer Biomarker Changes Following Exposure to Metformin
A Clinical Trial to Evaluate Endometrial Cancer Biomarker Changes Following Exposure to the Insulin Sensitizer Metformin
The investigators will explore the chemopreventive role of metformin. The purpose of this study is to determine whether, among patients with endometrial cancer, treatment with the currently approved insulin sensitizing drug metformin increases or decreases pathway activation distal to the insulin receptor in endometrial cancer tissue. This is a phase IIa study of metformin to be used to the pre-operative period of women diagnosed with endometrial cancer by comparing their endometrial biopsy specimens taken at their initial visit and after 4-6 weeks of treatment of metformin on the day of their surgical staging.
Aim 1 To determine whether, among patients with endometrial cancer, treatment with the currently approved insulin sensitizing drug metformin increases or decreases pathway activation distal to the insulin receptor in endometrial cancer tissue. Aim II To compare specified biomarkers in each endometrial cancer patient before and after receiving metformin. Our goal is to compare the following biomarkers in each patient before and after metformin administration: Ki-67, TUNEL assay for apoptosis level, phosphor-AMPK, phosphor-IGF-1R, phosphor-IRS1, phospho-Akt, phospho-S6, phosphor-mTOR, pACC. All patients diagnosed with endometrial cancer presenting to the Jewish General Hospital for surgical treatment will be invited to participate.
Change in phosphorylated-S6
Effects of metformin on activation pathways downstream of the insulin receptor in endometrial samples by testing Ki-67
Study Arms / Comparison Groups
Description: Metformin 500 mg PO TID from time of entry to study until scheduled surgical staging operation. In cases of unresolving side effects, the metformin will be dose reduced to metformin 500 mg PO BID with evaluation after 1 week followed by withdrawal from the study if side effects persist.
* Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by National Clinical Trials Identifier (NCT ID) in Medline.
Primary Completion Date
Inclusion Criteria: - Have a confirmed diagnosis of endometrial cancer based on an endometrial sampling though biopsy or dilatation and curettage - Must be able to undergo appropriate surgical staging for endometrial cancer - Must consent to be in the study and must have signed and dated an IRB-approved consent form conforming to government and institutional guidelines Exclusion Criteria: - Patients with a contraindication to receiving metformin treatment - Patients with cognitive impairment - Renal or hepatic functioning > 125% upper limit of normal - Currently on medications for metabolic diseases, such as diabetes mellitus - History of lactic acidosis - Treatment with medications that may increase metformin levels: cationic drugs, e.g., digoxin, amiloride, procainamide, trimethoprim, vancomycin, triamterene, and morphine - History of chronic alcohol abuse
18 Years - 80 Years
Accepts Healthy Volunteers
Jewish General Hospital