Music Listening to Reduce Pain and Anxiety During LEEP
Effects of Music Listening During Loop Electrosurgical Excision Procedure on Anxiety, Pain, and Satisfaction: a Randomized Controlled Trial
Loop electrosurgical excision procedure (LEEP) is the primary diagnostic and therapeutic procedure employed in women with high-grade intraepithelial neoplasia of the cervix. The procedure usually performed in the outpatient setting under local anesthesia. However, it could be associated with significant pain and anxiety. The aim of this study is to examine the effects of listening to music during the procedure in reducing pain and anxiety.
Procedure-related pain, as measured by Visual Analog Scale
Procedure-related anxiety, as measured by Visual Analog Scale
Cervical Intraepithelial Neoplasia
Study Arms / Comparison Groups
Description: Listening to relaxing music for the entire period starting from waiting period in the surgical waiting area until the end of the LEEP procedure Undergoing LEEP according to the usual protocol
* Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by National Clinical Trials Identifier (NCT ID) in Medline.
Primary Completion Date
Inclusion Criteria: - Women with confirmed or suspected high-grade intraepithelial neoplasia of the cervix Exclusion Criteria: - Allergy to local anesthetic agent (lidocaine) - Pregnancy - Previous major surgical procedures on cervix (conization, LEEP, laser therapy, cryotherapy) or uterus - Using cardiac pacemaker or history of cardiac arrhythmia - Neurological disorder affecting perception of pain - History of lower urinary tract cancer - Coagulation defects - History of drug dependence - Lower genital tract infection - Apparent invasive cancer of the cervix - Hearing difficulty
18 Years - N/A
Accepts Healthy Volunteers
Kittipat Charoenkwan, MD, ,
Chiang Mai University
Kittipat Charoenkwan, MD, Principal Investigator, Faculty of Medicine, Chiang Mai University