Imiquimod Treatment of High-grade CIN
TOPical Imiquimod Treatment of High-grade Cervical Intraepithelial Neoplasia, a Multicenter, Open-label, Non-randomized, Controlled Study (TOPIC-3 Study)
This multi-center, open-label, non-randomized controlled intervention study aims to investigate the treatment efficacy, side-effects and quality of life associated with imiquimod treatment of high-grade CIN lesions, as an alternative to surgical treatment by Large Loop Excision of the Transformation Zone (LLETZ). Non-surgical treatment may prevent side-effects associated with surgical treatment, such as premature birth in subsequent pregnancies. The study hypothesis is that approximately 75% of patients with high-grade CIN will be adequately treated with imiquimod. 120 women with a histological diagnosis of CIN2 or CIN3 will be included and allocated to one of two treatment arms according to their preference: 1. Imiquimod treatment arm(60 patients). Patients in this group are treated with vaginal imiquimod 5% cream during 16 weeks. 2. Standard treatment arm (60 patients). Patients in this group will undergo LLETZ treatment.
Cervical Intraepithelial Neoplasia (CIN) is the premalignant condition of cervical cancer. The standard treatment of histologically confirmed CIN2-3 is surgical excision by large loop excision of the transformation zone (LLETZ). This procedure has potential complications, such as hemorrhage, infection and preterm birth in subsequent pregnancies. For this reason, non-invasive therapies are needed. Imiquimod cream has been studied as a non-invasive treatment alternative in high-grade CIN, but evidence on treatment efficacy is limited and evidence on disease recurrence and quality of life during and after treatment is lacking. One RCT has been performed and shows that treatment of high-grade CIN with vaginal imiquimod cream leads to disease regression in 73%. Side-effects were generally mild, but common. A recent survey among gynecologists and a patient preference study indicate that imiquimod treatment of high-grade CIN is mainly preferred by a selected population of women with a future pregnancy wish. These women accept a lower treatment efficacy and higher rates of side-effects from imiquimod treatment in order to prevent future preterm birth caused by LLETZ treatment. Ideally, those women with a high probability of successful treatment would be selected. The objective of this study is to investigate the treatment efficacy, side-effects and quality of life associated with imiquimod treatment of high-grade CIN lesions in a selected population of patients who prefer imiquimod treatment instead of LLETZ. The study also aims to identify predictive biomarkers clinical response to imiquimod treatment, in order to select patients in which good treatment response is expected. The study design is a multicenter, open-label, non-randomized controlled intervention study. 120 women with a histological diagnosis of CIN2 or CIN3 will be included and allocated to one of two treatment arms according to their preference: 1. Imiquimod treatment arm(60 patients). Patients in this group are treated with vaginal imiquimod 5% cream during 16 weeks. 2. Standard treatment arm (60 patients). Patients in this group will undergo LLETZ treatment. A control colposcopy will be performed after 10 weeks for the imiquimod group. In case of progressive disease, the treatment will be ended and LLETZ will be performed as treatment. For patients in which the treatment is continued, treatment efficacy will be evaluated after 20 weeks, by colposcopy with diagnostic biopsies. Statistical analysis will be performed based on an intention-to-treat analysis. The primary study endpoints are: - Treatment efficacy of imiquimod and LLETZ treatment, defined as regression to CIN1 or less after 20 weeks for imiquimod and no need for additional therapy within 6 months for LLETZ treatment. - Identification of predictive biomarkers for the efficacy of imiquimod treatment in the individual patient, based on biomarkers reflecting host, virus and cellular factors. Secondary study endpoints are: - Side effects of imiquimod therapy and LLETZ therapy. - Disease recurrence at 6, 12 and 24 months follow-up. - Quality of life (QoL) before, during and after treatment.
Treatment efficacy of imiquimod 5% cream for the treatment of CIN2-3 lesions, compared to LLETZ treatment, in selected populations.
Side effects of imiquimod therapy and LLETZ therapy.
Cervical Intraepithelial Neoplasia
Study Arms / Comparison Groups
Imiquimod treatment arm
Description: Treatment by vaginal imiquimod cream during 16 weeks.
* Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by National Clinical Trials Identifier (NCT ID) in Medline.
Primary Completion Date
Inclusion Criteria: - de novo CIN2 or CIN3 lesion, histologically confirmed by diagnostic biopsy - age of 18 years or older Exclusion Criteria: - previous histologically confirmed high-grade CIN (CIN 2-3) - concomitant vulvar and/or vaginal intraepithelial neoplasia - previous cervical malignancy - current malignant disease - immunodeficiency (including HIV/AIDS and immunodepressive medication) - pregnancy or lactation - legal incapability
18 Years - 99 Years
Accepts Healthy Volunteers
A.J. Kruse, MD, PhD, ,
Maastricht University Medical Center
Clinical Trial Center Maastricht B.V.
A.J. Kruse, MD, PhD, Study Director, Maastricht University Medical Center