Treatment of Abnormal Adipose Tissue Accumulation in Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) Patients

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Brief Title

Treatment of Abnormal Adipose Tissue Accumulation in Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) Patients

Official Title

A Phase III, Multi-Center, Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled, Parallel Group Study of the Safety and Efficacy of Serostim®, r-hGH in the Treatment and Maintenance of Human Immunodeficiency HIV-Associated Adipose Redistribution Syndrome, or HARS

Brief Summary

      The primary objective of the study is to determine if Serostim® 4 mg administered daily for
      12 weeks as treatment for the abnormal fat accumulation and distribution associated with
      HIV-associated Adipose Redistribution Syndrome (HARS) reduces Visceral Adipose Tissue (VAT,
      measured by CT scan) more effectively than placebo.

Study Phase

Phase 3

Study Type


Primary Outcome

Treatment Period I: Change From Baseline in Absolute Area of Visceral Adipose Tissue (VAT) at Week 12

Secondary Outcome

 Treatment Period I: Change From Baseline in Trunk Fat at Week 12


HIV Infections



Study Arms / Comparison Groups

 Period I: Placebo
Description:  Subjects will receive placebo matched to serostim® as subcutaneous injection daily for a period of 12 weeks.


* Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by National Clinical Trials Identifier (NCT ID) in Medline.

Recruitment Information

Recruitment Status


Estimated Enrollment


Start Date

May 28, 2004

Completion Date

September 28, 2005

Primary Completion Date

September 28, 2005

Eligibility Criteria

        Inclusion Criteria:

          1. Have written laboratory documentation of an HIV infection by one of the following

               -  Detectable viral load measured by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) amplification,
                  branched chain DNA (bDNA) signal amplification or the presence of p24 antigen.

               -  Presence of HIV antibodies confirmed by either Western blot or immunofluorescence

             Written laboratory documentation of an HIV infection must be obtained prior to
             randomization. In the absence of documented historical confirmation, an assay of HIV
             antibodies will be included in the Screening Laboratory Panel. Results will be
             confirmed with a Western Blot.

          2. Have evidence of excess abdominal adipose deposition when measured by the
             anthropometric methodology, using the following cut off values:

               -  Men: Waist circumference >88.2 cm AND waist: hip ratio >= 0.95.

               -  Women: Waist circumference >75.3 cm AND waist: hip ratio >= 0.9.

          3. Are taking antiretroviral medication(s) which is (are) approved or is (are) available
             under a Treatment IND. The regimen must have remained stable for 30 days prior to
             study entry. Subjects must also agree not to discontinue or to change their regimen
             for the duration of the study except as judged medically necessary.

          4. Have parameter values less than the following limits (using results from the central

               -  AST, ALT, and amylase <= 3 times the upper limit of normal (Screening).

               -  Fasting triglycerides <= 1,000 mg/dL (Screening).

               -  Fasting glucose <110 mg/dL (Screening).

               -  Two-hour (120 minute) glucose <140 mg/dL (Screening).

          5. Weight >= 36 kg (79.3 lb)

          6. Be between 18 and 60 years of age (inclusive) unless local law dictates different

          7. Sufficiently literate in English to be able to comprehend and complete the Quality of
             Life Questionnaire.

          8. Willing and able to comply with the protocol for the duration of the study.

          9. Have voluntarily provided written informed consent (with subject authorization under
             HIPAA), prior to performing any study-related procedure that is not part of normal
             medical care, and with the understanding that the subject may withdraw consent at any
             time without prejudice to future medical care.

         10. Female subjects must:

               1. Be post menopausal (>= 1 year) or surgically sterilized (i.e., have undergone
                  tubal ligation or hysterectomy)


               2. Use a contraceptive method for the duration of the study such as:

                    -  Hormonal contraceptive

                    -  Intra uterine device

                    -  Diaphragm with spermicide, or condom with spermicide.


               3. Must be neither pregnant nor breast feeding.

               4. Confirmation that female subjects of childbearing potential are not pregnant must
                  be established by a negative beta-hCG serum pregnancy test during the 14-day
                  screening period prior to Study Day 1. If the beta-hCG serum pregnancy test is
                  performed more than 7 days prior to Study Day 1, a urine pregnancy test must be
                  performed by the site laboratory on Study Day 1 to confirm a negative test

        Exclusion Criteria:

          1. Have an active AIDS-defining opportunistic complication (OC) as defined by the CDC or
             have had an untreated or suspected serious systemic infection, or have had a
             persistent fever >= 101°F (38.3°C) during the 30 days prior to study entry.

          2. Any active or past history of malignancy, except for localized cutaneous Kaposi's
             sarcoma (fewer than 10 lesions, none of which are larger than 2 cm, and not on active
             therapy). Such exceptions must be confirmed in writing by the Serono Study Director.

          3. Have a CNS mass or active CNS process associated with neurological findings.

          4. Have unstable or untreated hypertension, defined as >= 140/90 mm Hg at the time of the
             Screening Visit, and/or have initiated or changed antihypertensive therapy in the 30
             days prior to Study Day 1.

          5. Have an acute critical illness treated in an intensive care unit, e.g., due to
             complications following open heart or abdominal surgery, multiple accidental trauma,
             or acute respiratory failure.

          6. Have a recent history of sleep apnea or intermittent upper respiratory obstruction.

          7. Have any condition, which interferes with informed consent or protocol compliance
             including, but not limited to, active substance abuse and/or dementia.

          8. Are unable to comply with the Concomitant Therapy restrictions including:

               -  therapy for obesity including therapy with anorexigenic or fat reducing drugs

               -  anti-diabetic or insulin sensitizing medications

               -  systemic glucocorticoids

               -  systemic chemotherapy, interferon or radiation therapy treatment

               -  androgenic agents including, but not limited to testosterone, nandrolone,
                  oxandrolone, oxymetholone, etc. (testosterone replacement therapy for
                  hypogonadism is the exception to this exclusion and will be allowed if started >
                  30 days prior to Study Day 1)

               -  progestational agents, unless used for oral contraception or post-menopausal
                  hormone replacement therapy

               -  appetite stimulants

               -  investigational agents, unless approved in advance by the study medical director.
                  Specifically, experimental antiretroviral agents are disallowed, unless available
                  under a treatment IND or expanded access program (30 days).

               -  Liposuction or other elective plastic surgery

               -  AIDS wasting therapy or prior growth hormone treatment other than study drug (for
                  12 months prior to the screening visit)

          9. Have ever been diagnosed with any of the following conditions:

               -  Pancreatitis

               -  Carpal tunnel syndrome (unless resolved by surgical release)

               -  Diabetes mellitus

               -  Angina pectoris

               -  Coronary artery disease

               -  Any disorder associated with moderate to severe edema (e.g., ascites, nephrotic
                  syndrome, congestive heart failure, lymphedema).

         10. Allergy or hypersensitivity to growth hormone.

         11. Are participating in any other clinical studies.

        In order to participate in this trial a subject must meet all of the inclusion and
        exclusion criteria specified above. Requests for protocol exceptions/exemptions must come
        from a participating, fully initiated site at which a prospective patient has consented to
        undergo screening. Exceptions/exemptions are only allowed by the Trial Director. There is
        no program in place to allow drug for a single patient IND, or for an expanded access
        protocol. This statement holds true for both children and adults.




18 Years - 60 Years

Accepts Healthy Volunteers



Medical Responsible, , 

Location Countries


Location Countries


Administrative Informations



Organization ID


Responsible Party


Study Sponsor

EMD Serono

Study Sponsor

Medical Responsible, Study Director, EMD Serono Inc., a business of Merck KGaA, Darmstadt, Germany

Verification Date

September 2017