Standard-Dose Combination Chemotherapy or High-Dose Combination Chemotherapy and Stem Cell Transplant in Treating Patients With Relapsed or Refractory Germ Cell Tumors

Learn more about:
Related Clinical Trial
A Phase II Trial Evaluating the Efficacy of Cabozantinib With Patients With Refractory GCTs Maintenance Oral Etoposide or Observation Following High-dose Chemo for GCT A Pilot Study of Thermodox and MR-HIFU for Treatment of Relapsed Solid Tumors Interleukin-15 and -21 Armored Glypican-3-specific Chimeric Antigen Receptor Expressed in T Cells for Pediatric Solid Tumors A Study of a New Way to Treat Children With a Brain Tumor Called NGGCT Aerosolized Azacytidine as Epigenetic Priming for Bintrafusp Alfa-Mediated Immune Checkpoint Blockade in Patients With Unresectable Pulmonary Metastases From Sarcomas, Germ Cell Tumors, or Epithelial Malignancies B7H3 CAR T Cell Immunotherapy for Recurrent/Refractory Solid Tumors in Children and Young Adults Symptom Management for YA Cancer Survivors A Study of miRNA 371 in Patients With Germ Cell Tumors Vorinostat in Combination With Chemotherapy in Relapsed/Refractory Solid Tumors and CNS Malignancies Interleukin-15 Armored Glypican 3-specific Chimeric Antigen Receptor Expressed in T Cells for Pediatric Solid Tumors EGFR806-specific CAR T Cell Locoregional Immunotherapy for EGFR-positive Recurrent or Refractory Pediatric CNS Tumors HER2-specific CAR T Cell Locoregional Immunotherapy for HER2-positive Recurrent/Refractory Pediatric CNS Tumors Study of B7-H3-Specific CAR T Cell Locoregional Immunotherapy for Diffuse Intrinsic Pontine Glioma/Diffuse Midline Glioma and Recurrent or Refractory Pediatric Central Nervous System Tumors Aflac ST0901 CHOANOME – Sirolimus in Solid Tumors Study of Genistein in Pediatric Oncology Patients (UVA-Gen001) A Pilot RCT of the PRISM Intervention for AYAs With Cancer Simvastatin With Topotecan and Cyclophosphamide in Relapsed and/or Refractory Pediatric Solid and CNS Tumors Molecular-Guided Therapy for Childhood Cancer EGFR806 CAR T Cell Immunotherapy for Recurrent/Refractory Solid Tumors in Children and Young Adults A Study of CD45RA+ Depleted Haploidentical Stem Cell Transplantation in Children With Relapsed or Refractory Solid Tumors and Lymphomas Recombinant Human Thrombopoietin in Children Receiving Ifosfamide, Carboplatin, and Etoposide Chemotherapy MR-guided High Intensity Focused Ultrasound (HIFU) on Pediatric Solid Tumors Tandem Peripheral Blood Stem Cell (PBSC) Rescue for High Risk Solid Tumors Amifostine to Protect From Side Effects of PSCT in Treating Patients With Solid Tumors Talabostat Combined With Temozolomide or Carboplatin in Treating Young Patients With Relapsed or Refractory Brain Tumors or Other Solid Tumors Auto Transplant for High Risk or Relapsed Solid or CNS Tumors Busulfan in Treating Children and Adolescents With Refractory CNS Cancer CpG 7909 in Treating Patients Who Have Undergone Autologous Stem Cell Transplant Development of Strategies to Increase Enrollment in Clinical Trials for Children With Cancer Ixabepilone in Treating Young Patients With Solid Tumors or Leukemia That Haven’t Responded to Therapy ABT-751 in Treating Young Patients With Refractory Solid Tumors Temozolomide and O6-benzylguanine in Treating Children With Solid Tumors Arsenic Trioxide in Treating Patients With Advanced Neuroblastoma or Other Childhood Solid Tumors Temozolomide Plus Peripheral Stem Cell Transplantation in Treating Children With Newly Diagnosed Malignant Glioma or Recurrent CNS or Other Solid Tumors Collecting and Storing Tissue From Young Patients With Cancer Combination Chemotherapy Followed by Bone Marrow Transplantation in Treating Patients With Rare Cancer High-Dose Thiotepa Plus Peripheral Stem Cell Transplantation in Treating Patients With Refractory Solid Tumors Peripheral Stem Cell Transplantation Plus Chemotherapy in Treating Patients With Malignant Solid Tumors Living After a Rare Cancer of the Ovary: Chronic Fatigue, Quality of Life and Late Effects of Chemotherapy Dasatinib, Ifosfamide, Carboplatin, and Etoposide in Treating Young Patients With Metastatic or Recurrent Malignant Solid Tumors Everolimus in Refractory Testicular Germ Cell Cancer Studying Genes in Samples From Younger Patients With Ovarian or Testicular Sex Cord Stromal Tumors Adolescent and Young Adult Cancer Patients: Cognitive Toxicity on Survivorship (ACTS) A Phase I Study of Lyso-thermosensitive Liposomal Doxorubicin and MR-HIFU for Pediatric Refractory Solid Tumors Memantine for Prevention of Cognitive Late Effects in Pediatric Patients Receiving Cranial Radiation Therapy for Localized Brain Tumors First Line TIP in Poor Prognosis TGCTs. Sodium Thiosulfate in Preventing Hearing Loss in Young Patients Receiving Cisplatin for Newly Diagnosed Germ Cell Tumor, Hepatoblastoma, Medulloblastoma, Neuroblastoma, Osteosarcoma, or Other Malignancy Electroacupuncture in Treating Delayed Nausea and Vomiting in Patients Receiving Chemotherapy For Newly Diagnosed Childhood Sarcoma, Neuroblastoma, Nasopharyngeal Cancer, Germ Cell Tumors, or Hodgkin Lymphoma Disulfiram and Cisplatin in Refractory TGCTs. Role of Axumin PET Scan in Germ Cell Tumor Evaluating Immune Therapy, Duravalumab (MEDI4736) With Tremelimumab for Relapsed/Refractory Germ Cell Tumors Gemcitabine, Paclitaxel and Oxaliplatin (GemPOx) Neoadjuvant Chemotherapy With or Without Second-Look Surgery Followed by Radiation Therapy With or Without Peripheral Stem Cell Transplantation in Treating Patients With Intracranial Germ Cell Tumors Study of the Hypomethylating Drug Guadecitabine (SGI-110) Plus Cisplatin in Relapsed Refractory Germ Cell Tumors Active Surveillance, Bleomycin, Carboplatin, Etoposide, or Cisplatin in Treating Pediatric and Adult Patients With Germ Cell Tumors Combination Chemotherapy Plus Amifostine in Treating Children With Malignant Germ Cell Tumors Study Evaluating the Impact of Short Message Service on Compliance With Surveillance of Patients With Germ-cell Tumors Rolapitant Plus Olanzapine in Multiday Cisplatin Chemotherapy Aprepitant + a 5HT3 + Dexamethasone in Patients With Germ Cell Tumors Standard-Dose Combination Chemotherapy or High-Dose Combination Chemotherapy and Stem Cell Transplant in Treating Patients With Relapsed or Refractory Germ Cell Tumors Treatment Outcome and Quality of Life in Patients With Pediatric Extra-Cranial Germ Cell Tumors Previously Treated on Clinical Trial CCLG-GC-1979-01 or CCLG-GC-1989-01 Brentuximab Vedotin in Relapsed/Refractory Germ Cell Tumors Durvalumab Alone or With Tremelimumab in Refractory Germ Cell Tumors Etoposide, Carboplatin, and Bleomycin in Treating Young Patients Undergoing Surgery For Malignant Germ Cell Tumors Studying Biomarkers in Samples From Younger Patients With Malignant Germ Cell Tumor Progression Combination Chemotherapy Plus Peripheral Stem Cell Transplantation in Treating Patients With Germ Cell Tumors Observation and/or Combination Chemotherapy After Surgery or Biopsy in Treating Young Patients With Extracranial Germ Cell Tumors Conventional Dose Versus High Dose Sequential Chemotherapy for Poor Prognosis Germ Cell Tumors Pazopanib in Advanced and Cisplatin-resistant Germ Cell Tumors Combination Chemotherapy in Treating Children With Newly Diagnosed Malignant Germ Cell Tumors Accelerated v’s Standard BEP Chemotherapy for Patients With Intermediate and Poor-risk Metastatic Germ Cell Tumours Phase II Study of Cisplatin Plus Epirubicin Salvage Chemo in Refractory Germ Cell Tumors Salvage Chemotherapy for Poor Prognosis Germ Cell Tumors Autologous Peripheral Blood Stem Cell Transplant for Germ Cell Tumors Dose Intensification Study in Refractory Germ Cell Tumors With Relapse and Bad Prognosis A Novel Single Arm Phase II Study for Relapsed Germ Cell Tumours With Poor Prognosis Combination Chemotherapy With or Without Bone Marrow or Stem Cell Transplantation in Treating Men With Untreated Germ Cell Tumors Paclitaxel, Ifosfamide and Cisplatin (TIP) Versus Bleomycin, Etoposide and Cisplatin (BEP) for Patients With Previously Untreated Intermediate- and Poor-risk Germ Cell Tumors Study of Brentuximab Vedotin And Bevacizumab In Refractory CD-30 Positive Germ Cell Tumors Nivolumab in Platinum Recurrent or Refractory Metastatic Germ Cell Tumors Proton Beam Radiation Therapy for Central Nervous System (CNS) Germ Cell Tumors Germ Cell Tumor and Testicular Tumor DNA Registry A Phase II Study of Sirolimus and Erlotinib in Recurrent/Refractory Germ Cell Tumors Trial of Gemcitabine, Cisplatin, and Ifosfamide in Patients With Relapsed Non-Seminomatous Germ-Cell Tumors

Brief Title

Standard-Dose Combination Chemotherapy or High-Dose Combination Chemotherapy and Stem Cell Transplant in Treating Patients With Relapsed or Refractory Germ Cell Tumors

Official Title

A Randomized Phase III Trial Comparing Conventional-Dose Chemotherapy Using Paclitaxel, Ifosfamide, and Cisplatin (TIP) With High-Dose Chemotherapy Using Mobilizing Paclitaxel Plus Ifosfamide Followed by High-Dose Carboplatin and Etoposide (TI-CE) as First Salvage Treatment in Relapsed or Refractory Germ Cell Tumors

Brief Summary

      This randomized phase III trial studies how well standard-dose combination chemotherapy works
      compared to high-dose combination chemotherapy and stem cell transplant in treating patients
      with germ cell tumors that have returned after a period of improvement or did not respond to
      treatment. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as paclitaxel, ifosfamide, cisplatin,
      carboplatin, and etoposide, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either
      by killing the cells, by stopping them from dividing, or by stopping them from spreading.
      Giving chemotherapy before a stem cell transplant stops the growth of cancer cells by
      stopping them from dividing or killing them. Giving colony-stimulating factors, such as
      filgrastim or pegfilgrastim, and certain chemotherapy drugs, helps stem cells move from the
      bone marrow to the blood so they can be collected and stored. Chemotherapy is then given to
      prepare the bone marrow for the stem cell transplant. The stem cells are then returned to the
      patient to replace the blood-forming cells that were destroyed by the chemotherapy. It is not
      yet known whether high-dose combination chemotherapy and stem cell transplant are more
      effective than standard-dose combination chemotherapy in treating patients with refractory or
      relapsed germ cell tumors.

Detailed Description

      The study is an international collaboration with European sites. Collaborators on the study
      include the National Cancer Institute, the European Organization for Research and Treatment
      of Cancer and the Movember Foundation. Randomization will be stratified by region (North
      America and Europe) and by modified IPFSG (International Prognostic Factor Study Group) risk
      classification (low, intermediate and high). The primary and secondary objectives are
      described below.

      Primary Objective:

      1. To compare the overall survival in patients treated with conventional-dose chemotherapy
      using the TIP regimen with high-dose chemotherapy (HDCT) plus autologous stem cell transplant
      (ASCT) using the TI-CE regimen as initial salvage treatment of patients with relapsed or
      refractory germ cell tumors (GCT)

      Secondary Objectives:

        1. To compare the progression-free survival (PFS) of patients treated with initial salvage
           HDCT with TI-CE versus initial salvage CDCT with TIP

        2. To compare the favorable response rate (FRR) of patients treated with initial salvage
           HDCT with TI-CE versus initial salvage CDCT with TIP

        3. To compare the toxicity, including treatment-related mortality, associated with
           high-dose chemotherapy and ASCT using TI-CE compared with conventional-dose chemotherapy
           using TIP as initial salvage treatment for patients with relapsed or refractory GCT

        4. To prospectively evaluate the IPFSG scoring system as a predictor of outcome to initial
           salvage therapy in patients with relapsed or refractory GCT. In this trial,
           randomization will be stratified by a modification of their IPFSG category and we will
           prospectively evaluate whether or not actual outcomes vary by risk group in the
           appropriate manner (low risk patients have higher OS than high-risk group).

        5. To evaluate the association between tumor marker decline rates of Alpha-Fetoprotein
           (AFP) and Human Chorionic Gonadotropin (HCG) with OS and PFS.

      Treatment is to continue until disease progression, unacceptable toxicity or completion of
      all protocol treatment.

Study Phase

Phase 3

Study Type


Primary Outcome

overall survival

Secondary Outcome

 progression free survival


Germ Cell Tumor



Study Arms / Comparison Groups

 Arm A: TIP
Description:  Patients will receive treatment for 4 cycles administered every 21 days.
Cycles 1-4 (1 cycle = 21 days)
paclitaxel 250 mg/m^2 IV over 24 hours on Day 1 including premedication as defined in the protocol (eg, dexamethasone, diphenhydramine and H2 blocker)
ifosfamide 1500 mg/m^2 IV daily on Days 2-5 with mesna protection as defined in the protocol
cisplatin 25 mg/m^2 IV daily on Days 2-5
pegylated G-CSF 6 mg subcutaneous on Day 6 or 7 or G-CSF as defined in the protocol on Days 6-18
Patients may commence with each Arm A cycle provided they meet the criteria as defined in the protocol.


* Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by National Clinical Trials Identifier (NCT ID) in Medline.

Recruitment Information

Recruitment Status


Estimated Enrollment


Start Date

March 2015

Primary Completion Date

June 2024

Eligibility Criteria

        1. Documentation of Disease

               -  Histologic Documentation: Confirmation of GCT histology (both seminoma and
                  nonseminoma) on pathologic review at the center of enrollment.

               -  Tumor may have originated in any primary site. NOTE: In rare circumstances,
                  patients will be allowed to enroll even if a pathologic diagnosis may not have
                  been established.

               -  This would require a clinical situation consistent with the diagnosis of GCT
                  (testicular, peritoneal, retroperitoneal or mediastinal mass, elevated tumor
                  marker levels {HCG ≥ 500; AFP ≥ 500} and typical pattern of metastases)

          2. Evidence of Disease

               -  Must have evidence of progressive or recurrent GCT (measurable or non-measurable)
                  following one line of cisplatin-based chemotherapy, defined as meeting at least
                  one of the following criteria:

                    -  Tumor biopsy of new or growing or unresectable lesions demonstrating viable
                       non-teratomatous GCT (enrollment on this study for adjuvant treatment after
                       macroscopically complete resection of viable GCT is not allowed). In the
                       event of an incomplete gross resection where viable GCT is found, patients
                       will be considered eligible for the study.

                    -  Consecutive elevated serum tumor markers (HCG or AFP) that are increasing.
                       Increase of an elevated LDH alone does not constitute progressive disease.

                    -  Development of new or enlarging lesions in the setting of persistently
                       elevated HCG or AFP, even if the HCG and AFP are not continuing to increase.

          3. Prior Treatment

               -  Must have received 3-6 cycles of cisplatin-based chemotherapy as part of
                  first-line (initial) chemotherapy.

                    -  Prior POMBACE, CBOP-BEP, or GAMEC are allowed.

                    -  Note: For patients requiring immediate treatment, 1 cycle of
                       conventional-dose salvage chemotherapy is allowed. Therefore, these patients
                       may have received 7 prior cycles of chemotherapy. 6 cycles as part of
                       first-line chemotherapy and 1 cycle of salvage conventional chemotherapy.

               -  No more than one prior line of chemotherapy for GCT (other than the 1 cycle of
                  salvage chemotherapy as defined in the protocol)

                    -  Definition of one line of chemotherapy: One line of therapy can in some
                       cases consist of 2 different cisplatin-based treatment combinations,
                       provided there is no disease progression between these two regimens.

                    -  Prior treatment with carboplatin as adjuvant therapy is allowed, provided
                       patients meet other eligibility criteria (e.g., the patient has also
                       received 3-4 cycles of cisplatin-based chemotherapy).

                    -  Prior treatment with 1-2 cycles of BEP or EP as adjuvant chemotherapy for
                       early stage GCT is allowed, provided the patient also received 3-4 cycles of
                       BEP or EP again at relapse. Patients treated with 3-4 cycles of VIP at
                       relapse following 1-2 cycles of BEP/EP are not eligible as this would be
                       considered more than 1 line of prior therapy.

               -  No prior treatment with high-dose chemotherapy (defined as treatment utilizing
                  stem cell rescue)

               -  No prior treatment with TIP with the exception when given as a bridge to
                  treatment on protocol for patients with rapidly progressive disease who cannot
                  wait to complete the eligibility screening process. Only one cycle is allowed.

               -  No concurrent treatment with other cytotoxic drugs or targeted therapies.

               -  No radiation therapy (other than to the brain) within 14 days of day 1 of
                  protocol chemotherapy except radiation to brain metastases, which must be
                  completed 7 days prior to start of chemotherapy.

               -  No previous chemotherapy within 17 days prior to enrollment. A minimum of three
                  weeks after the last day of the start of the previous chemotherapy regimen before
                  the first day of chemotherapy on study protocol.

               -  Must have adequate recovery from prior surgery (eg, healed scar, resumption of

          4. Age ≥ 14 years (≥ 18 years in Germany)

          5. ECOG Performance Status 0 to 2

          6. Male gender

          7. Required Initial Laboratory Values:

               -  Absolute Neutrophil Count (ANC) ≥ 1,500/mm^3

               -  Platelet Count ≥ 100,000/mm^3

               -  Calculated creatinine clearance ≥ 50 mL/min

               -  Bilirubin ≤ 2.0 x upper limits of normal (ULN)

               -  AST/ALT ≤ 2.5 x upper limits of normal (ULN)

          8. No concurrent malignancy other than non-melanoma skin cancer, superficial noninvasive
             (pTa or pTis) TCC of the bladder, contralateral GCT, or intratubular germ cell
             neoplasia. Patients with a prior malignancy, but at least 2 years since any evidence
             of disease are allowed.

          9. Negative Serology (antibody test) for the following infectious diseases:

               -  Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) type 1 and 2

               -  Human T-cell Leukemia Virus (HTLV) type 1 and 2 (mandatory in US but optional in
                  Canada and Europe)

               -  Hepatitis B surface antigen

               -  Hepatitis C antibody

         10. No late relapse with completely surgically resectable disease. Patients with late
             relapses (defined as relapse ≥ 2 years from the date of completion of the last
             chemotherapy regimen) whose disease is completely surgically resectable are not
             eligible. Patients with late relapses who have unresectable disease are eligible.

         11. No large (≥ 2 cm) hemorrhagic or symptomatic brain metastases until local treatment
             has been administered (radiation therapy or surgery). Treatment may begin ≥ 7 days
             after completion of local treatment. Patients with small (< 2 cm) and asymptomatic
             brain metastases are allowed and may be treated with radiation therapy and/or surgery
             concurrently with Arm A or cycles 1 and 2 of Arm B if deemed medically indicated.

             Radiation therapy should not be given concurrently with high-dose carboplatin or

         12. No secondary somatic malignancy arising from teratoma (e.g., teratoma with malignant
             transformation) when it is actively part of the disease recurrence or progression.




14 Years - N/A

Accepts Healthy Volunteers



Darren Feldman, MD, 646 422-4491, 

Location Countries


Location Countries


Administrative Informations



Organization ID


Secondary IDs


Responsible Party


Study Sponsor

Alliance for Clinical Trials in Oncology


 National Cancer Institute (NCI)

Study Sponsor

Darren Feldman, MD, Study Chair, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center

Verification Date

June 2021