Functional Electrical Stimulation With Rowing as Exercise After Spinal Cord Injury

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Brief Title

Functional Electrical Stimulation With Rowing as Exercise After Spinal Cord Injury

Official Title

Development of a Spinal Cord Injury-specific Exercise-based Capacity

Brief Summary

      Currently, those with spinal cord injury (SCI) demonstrate increased prevalence of obesity
      (75%) cardiovascular disease (30 - 50%), type II diabetes (21%) and osteoporosis in the legs
      (100%) when compared to the general population. It is important to identify the modes and
      intensities of exercise most likely to generate a reduction in these inactivity-related
      diseases in this population.

      Therefore, the main purpose of this pilot research project is to implement and test a form of
      a spinal cord injury-specific exercise, known as FES rowing (FES: functional electrical

Study Type


Primary Outcome

Peak VO2 (volume oxygen) output during exercise

Secondary Outcome

 Body composition


Spinal Cord Injury


Functional electrical stimulation rowing (Odstock 4 channel neuromuscular stimulator with Concept 2 Rower)

Study Arms / Comparison Groups

 Functional electrical stimulation rowing
Description:  Using an Odstock 4 channel neuromuscular stimulator with Concept 2 Rower


* Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by National Clinical Trials Identifier (NCT ID) in Medline.

Recruitment Information

Recruitment Status


Estimated Enrollment


Start Date

October 2015

Completion Date

September 2022

Primary Completion Date

December 2021

Eligibility Criteria

        Inclusion Criteria:

          -  Have a spinal cord injury, C5-T12 (level), AIS A-D (severity)

          -  Be aged 18-75 for duration of study

          -  Medically stable and healthy enough to complete exercise requirements

          -  Willing and able to complete the at-home training requirements as prescribed

          -  Willing and able to complete the exercise sessions as prescribed

          -  Willing and able to complete the VO2 testing throughout the study

          -  Willing and able to complete the DEXA (Dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry) scans during
             the study

          -  Able to understand and follow written or verbal instructions from study staff

        Exclusion Criteria:

          -  Current pressure ulcer(s) at sites of electrical stimulation

          -  Previous spontaneous or low-impact leg fracture

          -  Previous diagnosis of cardiovascular disease (ie enlarged heart, heart murmur)

          -  Unsatisfactory results of EKG (electrocardiogram) screening test

          -  Known thyroid dysfunction

          -  Kidney disease

          -  Cancer

          -  Blood pressure > 140/90 mmHg

          -  Currently taking blood pressure medication

          -  History of epilepsy

          -  Current hand, arm or shoulder injury

          -  Current deep vein thrombosis

          -  Implanted electronic cardiac device (pace maker, defibrillator, etc)

          -  Ventilator-dependent

          -  Unable to follow written and verbal instructions




18 Years - 75 Years

Accepts Healthy Volunteers



Kristine Cowley, PhD, , 

Location Countries


Location Countries


Administrative Informations



Organization ID


Responsible Party

Principal Investigator

Study Sponsor

University of Manitoba

Study Sponsor

Kristine Cowley, PhD, Principal Investigator, University of Manitoba

Verification Date

June 2020