Fludarabine Phosphate, Low-Dose Total Body Irradiation, and Donor Stem Cell Transplant in Treating Patients With Hematologic Malignancies or Kidney Cancer
Low-Dose TBI and Fludarabine Followed by Unrelated Donor Stem Cell Transplantation for Patients With Hematologic Malignancies and Renal Cell Carcinoma - A Multi-center Trial
This clinical trial studies fludarabine phosphate, low-dose total body irradiation, and donor stem cell transplant in treating patients with hematologic malignancies or kidney cancer. Giving chemotherapy drugs, such as fludarabine phosphate, and total-body irradiation before a donor peripheral blood stem cell transplant helps stop the growth of cancer cells. It may also stop the patient's immune system from rejecting the donor's stem cells. The donated stem cells may replace the patient's immune cells and help destroy any remaining cancer cells (graft-versus-tumor effect). Giving an infusion of the donor's T cells (donor lymphocyte infusion) after the transplant may help increase this effect. Sometimes the transplanted cells from a donor can also make an immune response against the body's normal cells. Giving cyclosporine before the transplant and cyclosporine and mycophenolate mofetil after the transplant may stop this from happening.
PRIMARY OBJECTIVES: I. To determine whether stable allogeneic engraftment from unrelated hematopoietic stem cell donors can be safely established using a non-myeloablative conditioning regimen in patients with hematologic malignancies and renal cell carcinoma. SECONDARY OBJECTIVES: I. To evaluate whether donor lymphocyte infusion (DLI) can be safely used in patients with mixed or full donor chimerism to eliminate persistent or progressive disease. OUTLINE: CONDITIONING REGIMEN: Patients receive fludarabine phosphate intravenously (IV) on days -4 to -2. Patients also undergo low-dose total-body irradiation (TBI) on day 0. TRANSPLANTATION: Patients undergo allogeneic peripheral blood stem cell (PBSC) or bone marrow transplantation on day 0. IMMUNOSUPPRESSION: Patients receive cyclosporine orally (PO) twice daily (BID) on days -3 to 100 with taper to day 177 and mycophenolate mofetil PO BID on days 0-40 with taper to day 96. Patients with mixed chimerism, persistent or progressive disease, and no evidence of graft-versus-host disease and who have been off immunosuppression for at least 2 weeks undergo DLI over 30 minutes. DLI may be repeated every 65 days for up to 3 doses. After completion of study treatment, patients are follow-up periodically for 5 years.
Establishment of an allograft as defined by stable mixed chimerism or full donor chimerism
Accelerated Phase Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia
Study Arms / Comparison Groups
Treatment (chemotherapy, TBI, HSCT)
Description: CONDITIONING REGIMEN: Patients receive fludarabine phosphate IV on days -4 to -2. Patients also undergo low-dose TBI on day 0. TRANSPLANTATION: Patients undergo allogeneic PBSC or bone marrow transplantation on day 0. IMMUNOSUPPRESSION: Patients receive cyclosporine PO BID on days -3 to 100 with taper to day 177 and mycophenolate mofetil PO BID on days 0-40 with taper to day 96. Patients with mixed chimerism, persistent or progressive disease, and no evidence of graft-versus-host disease and who have been off immunosuppression for at least 2 weeks undergo DLI over 30 minutes. DLI may be repeated every 65 days for up to 3 doses.
* Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by National Clinical Trials Identifier (NCT ID) in Medline.
Primary Completion Date
Inclusion Criteria: - Age > 50 years with hematologic malignancies treatable by allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplant (HSCT) and all patients with B cell malignancies except those who may be cured by autologous stem cell transplantation (SCT) - Age =< 50 years of age with hematologic diseases treatable by allogeneic HSCT who through pre-existing medical conditions or prior therapy are considered to be of high risk for regimen related toxicity associated with a conventional transplant or those patients who refuse a conventional SCT; transplants must be approved for these inclusion criteria by both the participating institution's patient review committee such as the Patient Care Conference (PCC at the Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center [FHCRC]) and by the principal investigator - Patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma with the histologic subtypes of clear cell, papillary and medullary may be accepted regardless of age - The following diseases will be permitted although other diagnoses can be considered if approved by PCC or the participating institution's patient review committees and the principal investigator - Non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL), chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL), Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) - must have received and failed frontline therapy - Multiple myeloma - must have received prior chemotherapy; consolidation of chemotherapy by autografting prior to nonmyeloablative HSCT is permitted - Acute myeloid leukemia (AML)/acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) - must be in complete remission and have received cytotoxic chemotherapy at some stage before transplant; patients with molecular or early relapse will be accepted providing a donor is available; patients with persistent or refractory disease will be considered on a case by case basis and transplants must be approved by the institution's patient review committees - Chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML) - patients will be accepted in chronic phase or accelerated phase; patients who have received prior autografts after high dose therapy or have undergone intensive chemotherapy for either peripheral blood stem cell (PBSC) mobilization or treatment of advanced CML may be enrolled provided they are in complete remission (CR), chronic phase (CP) or accelerated phase (AP) - Myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) - all patients with MDS will be eligible for this protocol; however, those patients with MDS and frank AML (> 30% blasts in bone marrow aspirate by morphology or flow cytometry) will require induction chemotherapy to obtain a complete remission (marrow blasts < 5%) and remain in complete remission at time of transplant - Renal cell carcinoma- must have evidence of disease not amenable to surgical cure or metastatic disease by radiological and histological criteria - DONOR: Human leukocyte antigen (HLA) matched unrelated donor; donors should be matched for HLA -A, -B, -C, -developmentally regulated ribonucleic acid (RNA) binding protein 1(DRB)1 and -class II, DQ beta 1 (DQB) 1; HLA -A and -B loci should be matched at least to the level of resolution; HLA -C, -DRB1, and -DQB1 should be typed at the highest level of resolution available at the time of donor selection; donor must consent to either a bone marrow harvest or PBSC mobilization with filgrastim (G-CSF) arranged through the National Marrow Donor Program (NMDP) or other donor centers Exclusion Criteria: - Patients with rapidly progressive intermediate or high grade NHL - Renal cell carcinoma patients with expected survival of less than 6 months - Bulky disease resulting in severely limited performance status (< 70%) - Any vertebral instability - Any active central nervous system (CNS) involvement with disease - Fertile men or women unwilling to use contraceptive techniques during and for 12 months following treatment - Females who are pregnant - Patients with non-hematological tumors - Cardiac ejection fraction < 30% - Diffusion capacity of the lung for carbon monoxide (DLCO) < 30% and/or receiving supplementary continuous oxygen - Significant elevation of bilirubin and transaminases should be discussed at participating institutions' patient review committees in a case by case basis; evidence of synthetic dysfunction or severe cirrhosis will result in patient exclusion - Karnofsky score < 50 (except renal cell carcinoma [RCC]) - Patients with poorly controlled hypertension on multiple antihypertensives - Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) positive patients
N/A - N/A
Accepts Healthy Volunteers
Brenda Sandmaier, ,
Fred Hutchinson Cancer Center
National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI)
Brenda Sandmaier, Principal Investigator, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center/University of Washington Cancer Consortium