Fabry Disease – A Question and Brief Review

Fabry disease is an inherited disorder that results from the buildup of a particular type of fat in the body’s cells, called globotriaosylceramide or GL-3. 
Fabry disease affects many parts of the body. Signs and symptoms may include episodes of pain, particularly in the hands and feet (acroparesthesias); clusters of small, dark red spots on the skin called angiokeratomas; a decreased ability to sweat (hypohidrosis); cloudiness of the front part of the eye (corneal opacity); and hearing loss. Potentially severe complications can include progressive kidney damage, heart attack, and stroke. Milder forms of the disorder may appear later in life and affect only the heart or kidneys. Fabry disease is caused by mutations in the GLA gene and is inherited in an X-linked manner. Treatment may include enzyme replacement therapy (ERT); pain medications, ACE inhibitors; and chronic hemodialysis or renal transplantation for end stage renal disease.

In this video I have explained answer to the question on Fabry disease and also briefly explained Fabry disease. Fabry disease is a type of sphingolipidoses because of the deficiency of alpha-galactosidase leading to accumulation of ceramide trihexoside.