Published Date: October 11, 2023

Full Text Article

Analysis of complex chromosomal rearrangement involving chromosome 6 via the integration of optical genomic mapping and molecular cytogenetic methodologies

Authors: Na Hao, Haijuan Lou, Mengmeng Li, Hanzhe Zhang, Jiazhen Chang, Qingwei Qi, Xiya Zhou, Junjie Bai, Jiangshan Guo, Yaru Wang, Yanli Zhang, Yulin Jiang

J Hum Genet. 2023 Oct 11. doi: 10.1038/s10038-023-01197-3. Online ahead of print.


Complex chromosomal rearrangements (CCRs) can result in spontaneous abortions, infertility, and malformations in newborns. In this study, we explored a familial CCR involving chromosome 6 by combining optical genomic mapping (OGM) and molecular cytogenetic methodologies. Within this family, the father and the paternal grandfather were both asymptomatic carriers of an identical balanced CCR, while the two offspring with an unbalanced paternal-origin CCR and two microdeletions presented with clinical manifestation. The first affected child, a 5-year-old boy, exhibited neurodevelopmental delay, while the second, a fetus, presented with hydrops fetalis. SNP-genotype analysis revealed a recombination event during gamete formation in the father that may have contributed to the deletion in his offspring. Meanwhile, the couple's haplotypes will facilitate the selection of normal gametes in the setting of assisted reproduction. Our study demonstrated the potential of OGM in identifying CCRs and its ability to work with current methodologies to refine precise breakpoints and construct accurate haplotypes for couples with a CCR.

PMID: 37821671DOI: 10.1038/s10038-023-01197-3