Published Date: October 6, 2023
A 30-Month Survival Case of Undifferentiated Carcinoma of the Duodenum Treated by Pancreaticoduodenectomy
Authors: Masakazu Matsuda, Tomohiro Iguchi, Norifumi Iseda, Shun Sasaki, Takuya Honbo, Yasunori Emi, Noriaki Sadanaga, Yoshiki Naito, Seiya Kato, Hiroshi Matsuura
Gan To Kagaku Ryoho. 2023 Sep;50(9):1001-1004.
The patient was an elderly man in his early 80s who was admitted to our hospital due to anemia and tarry stools. An upper gastrointestinal endoscopy revealed a type 2 tumor in the second portion of the duodenum. An endoscopic biopsy revealed poorly differentiated adenocarcinoma. We performed a pancreaticoduodenectomy because neither lymphadenopathy nor distant metastases were found. Macroscopic findings revealed that the lesion was mainly in the second portion of the duodenum, and there was no evidence of invasion of the main pancreatic duct, the bile duct, or the ampulla of Vater. Histologically, the tumor was composed of atypical cells with polymorphic or spindle-shaped nuclei proliferating in a scattered fashion, and immunohistological examinations showed weakly positive results for cytokeratin(CK)AE1/AE3 and CK20 and positive results for vimentin but negative results for CK7. The tumor was diagnosed as undifferentiated carcinoma of the duodenum(pT4N0M0, pStage ⅡB). The patient recovered enough to be discharged and was followed up without postoperative adjuvant chemotherapy. He maintained recurrence-free survival for 27 months, after which lymph node and lung metastases reoccurred. This is a rare case of undifferentiated carcinoma of the duodenum treated by curative resection with a relatively favorable prognosis.