Published Date: September 11, 2023Full Text Article
A Rare Case of Hyperandrogenism Due to Fibrothecoma and Leydig Cell Tumor in a Postmenopausal Woman With Adrenal Adenoma: A Case Report and Literature Review
Authors: Akbar Hussain, Edilfavia Uy, Stanley Marlowe, Jonathan Piercy, Aelia Akbar
Cureus. 2023 Aug 9;15(8):e43180. doi: 10.7759/cureus.43180. eCollection 2023 Aug.
Hyperandrogenism is an endocrine disorder characterized by an elevated level of androgen in women, which can be due to several etiologies, including ovarian and adrenal causes. Hyperandrogenism can result in hirsutism and virilization in severe cases. Ovarian etiologies can include ovarian hyperthecosis, hilus cell tumors, arrhenoblastomas, and Leydig cell tumors. Diagnosing the specific cause requires comprehensive work, and management is then tailored to address the specific etiology. Treatment may include bilateral oophorectomy and gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) analogs in combination with antiandrogen therapy. Surgery, medical treatment, and radiation therapy are also options for patients with hypercortisolemia. We present the case of a 58-year-old female who presented with clinical features of hyperandrogenism, which were confirmed with biochemical testing. She was found to have a non-functioning adrenal adenoma with no significant abnormality on ovarian imaging and biochemical hyperandrogenemia due to fibrothecoma and Leydig cell tumor, which resolved after bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy.