Published Date: July 3, 2023Full Text Article
A Randomized Controlled Study Comparing the Efficacy of 75mg Versus 150mg Aspirin for the Prevention of Preeclampsia in High-Risk Pregnant Women
Authors: Nishi Sinha, Shruti Singh, Mukta Agarwal, Pramod K Manjhi, Rajesh Kumar, Sunil Kumar Singh, Aakanksha Priya
Cureus. 2023 May 30;15(5):e39752. doi: 10.7759/cureus.39752. eCollection 2023 May.
Background Preeclampsia is a major factor in both maternal and fetal morbidity and mortality. The most widely investigated preeclampsia prevention medication is low dose Aspirin. However, guidelines differ considerably regarding the prophylactic dose of Aspirin for preeclampsia. Objective The objective is to compare the efficacy of 150mg versus 75mg Aspirin for the prevention of preeclampsia in pregnant women at high risk of preeclampsia. Methodology This was a parallel, open-label, randomized control trial carried over a period of one year and three months at a tertiary care center of Eastern India. Block randomization was done and block sizes of 2 and 4 were used to ensure balanced distributions within the study arms. Primary outcome was the development of preeclampsia and secondary outcomes were fetomaternal complications in both groups. Results The present clinical trial was conducted on 116 pregnant women with a risk factor of preeclampsia and they were randomly assigned to receive either 150mg or 75mg of Aspirin daily beginning from 12 to 16 weeks of gestation till 36 weeks' gestation. A significantly greater number of pregnant females who received Aspirin 75mg (33.92%) developed preeclampsia in contrast to those who received Aspirin 150mg (8.77%), p=0.001, OR = 5.341, 95%CI = 1.829-15.594. There was an insignificant difference in fetomaternal outcome among both the groups of women. Conclusion Among women who are at high risk of developing preeclampsia, Aspirin 150 mg once a day at bedtime is more effective than Aspirin 75 mg once a day at bedtime in preventing preeclampsia with similar fetomaternal outcomes (NICU admission, IUGR, neonatal death, still birth, eclampsia, HELLP syndrome, placental abruption and pulmonary edema).