Published Date: June 27, 2023

Full Text Article

Abnormal cerebral blood flow in patients with Leber's hereditary optic neuropathy


Authors: Ling Wang, Yi Ji, Hao Ding, Qin Tian, Ke Fan, Dapeng Shi, Chunshui Yu, Wen Qin


Brain Imaging Behav. 2023 Oct;17(5):471-480. doi: 10.1007/s11682-023-00775-5. Epub 2023 Jun 27.

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The study aimed to unravel abnormal cerebral blood flow (CBF) in patients with Leber's hereditary optic neuropathy (LHON) using arterial spin labeling (ASL) and to investigate the associations among disrupted CBF, disease duration, and neuro-ophthalmological impairment.

METHODS: ASL perfusion imaging data was collected from 20 patients with acute LHON, 29 patients with chronic LHON, and 37 healthy controls. We used a one-way analysis of covariance to test the intergroup differences in CBF. Linear and nonlinear curve fit models were applied to explore the associations among CBF, disease duration, and neuro-ophthalmological metrics.

RESULTS: Brain regions differed in LHON patients, including the left sensorimotor and bilateral visual areas (p < 0.05, cluster-wise family-wise error correction). Acute and chronic LHON patients demonstrated lower CBF in bilateral calcarine than the healthy controls. Chronic LHON had lower CBF in the left middle frontal gyrus and sensorimotor cortex, and temporal-partial junction than the healthy controls and acute LHON. A significant logarithmic negative correlation was shown between CBF of left middle frontal gyrus and disease duration. A significant linear positive correlation was found between retinal nerve fiber layer thickness and CBF in left middle frontal gyrus, and negative correlations between loss of variance and CBF in left middle frontal gyrus and sensorimotor cortex (p < 0.05, Bonferroni correction).

CONCLUSION: LHON patients exhibited reduced CBF in the visual pathway, sensorimotor and higher-tier cognitive areas. Disease duration and neuro-ophthalmological impairments can influence the metabolism of non-visual areas.

PMID: 37368154DOI: 10.1007/s11682-023-00775-5