Published Date: June 2, 2021

Full Text Article

A cryptic intronic LAMA2 insertion in a boy with mild congenital muscular dystrophy type 1A


Authors: Sabine Specht, Jennifer Duff, Richard Charlton, Tuomo Polvikoski, Rita Barresi, Ana Töpf, Volker Straub


Neuromuscul Disord. 2021 Jul;31(7):660-665. doi: 10.1016/j.nmd.2021.03.009. Epub 2021 Apr 1.

ABSTRACT

Recessive mutations in the LAMA2 gene lead to congenital muscular dystrophy type 1A and limb girdle muscular dystrophy R23 with complete or partial laminin α2 chain deficiency. Complete laminin α2 chain deficiency presents with early onset of severe hypotonia and generalized weakness, whereas partial deficiency shows a milder and more variable course with limb girdle weakness. Here, we report a child with mildly delayed motor development, elevated serum creatine kinase levels (>1000 U/l) and brain white matter hypointensity, indicative of laminin α2 chain deficiency. In addition to a stop gain variant in exon 39, the patient was found to carry an intronic insertion of 72 bp in intron 38 of the LAMA2 gene in trans. RNA analysis revealed that this insertion results in abnormally spliced as well as wild type transcript, which explains the partial laminin α2 chain deficiency observed in the muscle biopsy.

PMID: 34074572DOI: 10.1016/j.nmd.2021.03.009