Published Date: April 24, 2013

Full Text Article

A rare case of retroperitoneal malignant Triton tumor invading renal vein and small intestine

Authors: Zaklina Mijović, Dragan Mihailović, Nikola Zivković, Milos Kostov, Sladjana Zivković, Nebojsa Stojanović

Vojnosanit Pregl. 2013 Mar;70(3):322-5. doi: 10.2298/vsp1303322m.


INTRODUCTION: Malignant Triton tumor is a very rare malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumor with rhabdomyosarcomatous differentiation. Most of those tumors occur in patients with von Recklinghausen's disease or as a late complication of irradiation and commonly seen in the head, neck, extremities and trunk.

CASE REPORT: We reported retroperitoneal malignant Triton tumor in a 57-year-old female patient. Skin lesions were not present, and there was no family history of neurofibromatosis or previous irradiation. The presented case is one of a few recorded in the specialized literature that occurs in the retroperitoneal space in sporadic form. In this case, tumor consisted of a multilobular mass was in close relation with the abdominal aorta and inferior vena cava and involved the renal vein with gross invasion of the small intestine. The patient underwent total resection of the tumor and left nefrectomy was performed. The small intestine 10 cm in length was also resected and end-to-end anastomosis was conducted. The postoperative course was uneventful and the patient was discharged from the hospital ten days after the surgery.

CONCLUSION: Diagnostically, it is crucial to recognize this uncommon histological variant because malignant Triton tumor has a worse prognosis than classic malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumor does. The use of the immunohistochemistry is essential in making the correct diagnosis. Only appropriate pathological evaluation supported by immunostaining with S-100 protein and desmin confirmed the diagnosis. Aggressive surgical management treatment improves the prognosis of such cases with adjuvant radiotherapy.

PMID: 23607247DOI: 10.2298/vsp1303322m