Thrombocytopenia-absent radius (TAR) syndrome


is a rare condition in which thrombocytopenia is associated with bilateral radial aplasia. TAR syndrome was first described in 1951. An autosomal recessive inheritance pattern was proposed because TAR affected more than one member of some families. In 1969, TAR was defined as a syndrome and further classified as the association of hypomegakaryocytic thrombocytopenia and absent radii. The expression varies and includes abnormalities in the GI, skeletal, hematologic, and cardiac systems.