Lymphocytic hypophysitis


an acute anterior pituitary lymphocytic reaction characterized clinically by signs and symptoms of anterior pituitary insufficiency; probably an autoimmune disorder because antipituitary antibodies are present in the serum. SYN: lymphoid hypophysitis.


Symptoms include varying degrees of pituitary failure; diabetes insipidus, which causes increased thirst and urination; and growth of the pituitary and neighboring bone structure.


This condition is diagnosed by computed tomography (CT) or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) brain scans.


* Treatment usually requires high-dose steroids but on occasion may require surgery to remove expanding tissues and ease pressure on surrounding structures. The Neuro-ICU cares for patients with all types of neurosurgical and neurological injuries, including stroke, brain hemorrhage, trauma and tumors. We work in close cooperation with your surgeon or medical doctor with whom you have had initial contact. Together with the surgeon or medical doctor, the NeuroICU attending physician and team members direct your family member's care while in the ICU. The NeuroICU team consists of the bedside nurses, nurse practioners, physicians in specialty training (Fellows) and attending physicians.