The congenital absence of all or part of one or more fingers or toes. The term ectrodactyly has been applied to a variety of malformations of the fingers or toes. It is probably best reserved for: * transverse terminal aphalangia (absence of the last bone in the finger or toe), * adactylia (total absence of a finger or toes), or * acheiria (total absence of one or both hands).
The most common symptoms found in the patients presenting the syndrome of the EEC are: fingers and/or toes absent or irregular, anomalies of the hair and glands, lip and/or palates of crack, or devices facial not very common, as well as of the anomalies of the eyes and the urinary tract.
Cases of ectrodactyly defined in this way are usually sporadic (with no family history of this malformation). As a rule, one hand is involved and the feet are not affected. Congenital constriction rings ("amniotic bands") are sometimes associated with the malformation.
The surgery can be made in hand of the anomalies and foot to improve the function of these members, to improve the aspect of these members, and to facilitate it the adjustment of shoe. The abnormal development of the eye can have like consequence the dryness of the eye, the cataracts, and the blemishs of vision. Artificial tears can be employed to protect the eyes against the corneal marking, which can carry out to blindness if left untreated.