CMV antenatal infection

Overview

CMV antenatal infection: A rare condition where a fetus becomes infected with the cytomegalovirus through the mother.

Symptoms

* Anemia
* Vision problems
* Hearing loss
* Enlarged liver
* Enlarged spleen

* Anemia
* Vision problems
* Hearing loss
* Enlarged liver
* Enlarged spleen

Causes

Cytomegalovirus infection: Causes
(Professional Guide to Diseases (Eighth Edition))

CMV has been found in the saliva, urine, semen, breast milk, feces, blood, and vaginal and cervical secretions of infected people. The virus is usually transmitted through contact with these infected secretions, which can harbor the virus for months or even years. It may be transmitted by sexual contact and can travel across the placenta, causing a congenital infection. Immunosuppressed patients, especially those who have received transplanted organs, run a 90% chance of contracting CMV infection. Recipients of blood transfusions from donors with positive CMV antibodies are at some risk.

About four out of five people older than age 35 have been infected with CMV, usually during childhood or early adulthood. In most of these people, the disease is so mild that it’s overlooked. However, CMV infection during pregnancy can be hazardous to the fetus, possibly leading to stillbirth, brain damage, and other birth defects or to severe neonatal illness. About 1% of all neonates have CMV.

Diagnosis

Home medical testing related to CMV antenatal infection:

* Home Pregnancy Tests
o Home Early Pregnancy Tests
o Home Ovulation Tests
o Home Fertility Tests
o Home Rhesus/RH Blood Type Tests
o Home Fetal Tests
* Fertility-related Home Testing:
o Home Ovulation Tests
o Home Fertility Tests
* Male Fertility Tests
o Home Sperm Tests
o Sperm Count Tests
o Sperm Motility Tests