Bronchopulmonary amyloidosis: Amyloidosis is a rare group of metabolic disorders where a protein called amyloid accumulates in body organs and tissues where it can cause damage. In the bronchopulmonary form, the amyloid deposits occur mainly in the lungs.
* Alveolar deposits * Tracheobronchial lesions * Pulmonary nodules * Shortness of breath
cause amyloidosis in old age or if present for long periods at abnormally high concentration. Other amyloidogenic proteins are acquired or inherited variants, containing amino-acid substitutions that render them unstable so that they populate partly unfolded states under physiological conditions, and these intermediates then aggregate in the stable amyloid fold. In addition to the fibrils, amyloid deposits always contain the non-fibrillar pentraxin plasma protein, serum amyloid P component (SAP), because it undergoes specific calcium-dependent binding to amyloid fibrils. SAP contributes to amyloidogenesis, probably by stabilizing amyloid fibrils and retarding their clearance
Current treatment of amyloidosis comprises careful maintenance of impaired organ function, replacement of end-stage organ failure by dialysis or transplantation, and vigorous efforts to control underlying conditions responsible for production of fibril precursors. New approaches under development include drugs for stabilization of the native fold of precursor proteins, inhibition of fibrillogenesis, reversion of the amyloid to the native fold, and dissociation of SAP to accelerate amyloid fibril clearance in vivo.