A rare condition characterized by headache associated with a variety of neurological symptoms. The condition is caused by a disturbance of the basilar artery which is located in the brainstem.
* Headache * Double vision * Poor muscular coordination * Vertigo * Ringing in the ears * Problems in hearing * Prickly feeling in the body * Sensitivity to light and sound * Jerky eye movements * Slurred speech * Problems in thinking clearly
The cause of migraine is unknown. The condition may result from a series of reactions in the central nervous system caused by changes in the body or in the environment. There is often a family history of the disorder, suggesting that migraine sufferers may inherit sensitivity to triggers that produce inflammation in the blood vessels and nerves around the brain and scalp, causing pain.
A differential diagnosis for this condition should include cerebrovascular disease, Arnold-Chiari malformations, posterior fossa tumors, hyperventilation syndrome, and a variety of metabolic disorders. Metabolic disorders considered in the differential diagnosis include homocystinuria,
A host of treatments are available for treating Basilar Artery Migraine including Tri-cyclic antidepressents like amitriptylene, beta-blockers such as propranolol, calcium channel blockers, and anti-convulsants like depakote among others.