Acrocephaly pulmonary stenosis mental retardation


A rare syndrome characterized by a pointy skull, narrowed pulmonary valve and mental retardation


  • Narrowed pulmonary valve
  • Pointy skull
  • Mental retardation
  • Rapid breathing
  • Shortness of breath
  • Rapid heart rate
  • Fatigue
  • Swelling


Prognosis largely depends on the age at operation. Craniosynostosis can result in brain compression and mental retardation unless relieved by early craniectomy. Innovations in craniofacial surgery have enabled children with Apert syndrome to achieve their full potential by maximizing their opportunities for intellectual growth, physical competence, and social acceptance; however, early surgical treatment of craniosynostosis may not alter intellectual outcome.