Radiation Therapy, Cisplatin, Fluorouracil, and Cetuximab in Treating Patients With Locally Advanced Anal Cancer

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Brief Title

Radiation Therapy, Cisplatin, Fluorouracil, and Cetuximab in Treating Patients With Locally Advanced Anal Cancer

Official Title

Phase II Nonrandomized Multicenter Study of the Impact of Radiochemotherapy (65 Gy + Cisplatin + 5FU) Combined With Cetuximab in Patients Presenting With Locally Advanced Anal Cancer

Brief Summary

      RATIONALE: Radiation therapy uses high-energy x-rays to kill tumor cells. Drugs used in
      chemotherapy, such as fluorouracil and cisplatin, work in different ways to stop the growth
      of tumor cells, either by killing the cells or by stopping them from dividing. Monoclonal
      antibodies, such as cetuximab, can block tumor growth in different ways. Some block the
      ability of tumor cells to grow and spread. Others find tumor cells and help kill them or
      carry tumor-killing substances to them. Giving radiation therapy together with combination
      chemotherapy and cetuximab may kill more tumor cells.

      PURPOSE: This phase II trial is studying giving radiation therapy together with cisplatin,
      fluorouracil, and cetuximab to see how well it works in treating patients with locally
      advanced anal cancer.

Detailed Description



        -  Evaluate the objective response (complete and partial) 8 weeks after completion of study
           treatment comprising radiotherapy, chemotherapy (fluorouracil and cisplatin), and
           cetuximab followed by additional radiotherapy in patients with locally advanced anal


        -  Evaluate colostomy-free survival.

        -  Evaluate the local control rate (objective response and stabilization) at 8 weeks.

        -  Evaluate relapse-free survival at 5 years.

        -  Evaluate the intermediate objective response at the end of week 5 of radiotherapy.

        -  Evaluate overall survival at 5 years.

        -  Evaluate the duration of response.

        -  Evaluate acute toxicities according to CTCAE v3.0.

        -  Evaluate late toxicities at 5 years according to CTCAE v3.0.

        -  Study the tumor markers associated with response (survival without relapse) and

        -  Study the genotypes of Fc-receptor immunoglobulins (FCGR2A and FCGR3) and their
           association with skin toxicity, objective survival, and relapse-free survival.

      OUTLINE: This is a multicenter study.

      Patients receive cetuximab IV on days 0, 7, 14, 21, 28, and 35; fluorouracil IV on days 7-10
      and 35-38; and cisplatin IV over 2 hours on days 7 and 35. Beginning on day 7, patients also
      undergo radiotherapy 5 days a week for 5 weeks (weeks 2-6). Two weeks after finishing this
      treatment, patients undergo additional radiotherapy* 5 days a week for 2 weeks (weeks 9 and

      NOTE: *Some patients may undergo brachytherapy.

      Blood and tissue samples are collected for further analysis.

      After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up for 4 years.

Study Phase

Phase 2

Study Type


Primary Outcome

Objective response (complete and partial) according to RECIST criteria at 8 weeks after completion of study treatment

Secondary Outcome

 Survival rate at 3 and 5 years


Anal Cancer




* Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by National Clinical Trials Identifier (NCT ID) in Medline.

Recruitment Information

Recruitment Status


Estimated Enrollment


Start Date

March 2009

Completion Date

November 26, 2010

Primary Completion Date

November 26, 2010

Eligibility Criteria


          -  Histologically confirmed anal cancer

               -  Squamous cell disease

               -  Locally advanced, non-metastatic disease

               -  One of the following clinical TNM stages:

                    -  T2, N0, M0 (largest diameter ≥ 3 cm)

                    -  T3-T4, N0, M0

                    -  Any T, N1-N3, M0

          -  No undifferentiated small cell carcinoma or adenocarcinoma

          -  Measurable disease according to RECIST criteria

          -  Undergone endorectal ultrasound or MRI to evaluate the primary tumor

          -  Undergone thoraco-abdomino-pelvic scan to evaluate tumor extension

          -  Disease suitable to receive radiotherapy and chemotherapy


          -  ECOG performance status 0-1

          -  Leukocytes ≥ 4,000/mm^3

          -  ANC ≥ 1,500/mm^3

          -  Platelet count ≥ 100,000/mm^3

          -  Hemoglobin ≥ 10 g/dL

          -  Creatinine clearance > 60 mL/min

          -  ALT and AST ≤ 5 times upper limit of normal (ULN)

          -  Alkaline phosphatase ≤ 2.5 times ULN

          -  Total bilirubin ≤ 1.5 times ULN

          -  Not pregnant or nursing

          -  Negative pregnancy test

          -  No history of cancer within the past 8 years except for in situ cervical cancer or
             previously treated basal cell carcinoma of the skin

          -  No contraindications to any component of study therapy

          -  No serious uncontrolled illness

          -  No symptomatic grade 1 angina pectoris or angina pectoris ≥ grade 2

          -  No congestive heart failure

          -  No peripheral sensory neuropathy

          -  No uncontrolled diabetes

          -  No HIV positivity

          -  No geographical, social, or psychological situations that preclude medical follow up

          -  Affiliated with a social security system

          -  No patient deprived of liberty or under trusteeship


          -  Patients with a diverting colostomy are eligible

          -  No prior excision of this tumor

          -  No prior chemotherapy or radiotherapy for the treatment of this cancer or any other
             history of radiotherapy or pelvic brachytherapy

          -  No concurrent coumarin anticoagulants, phenytoin, sorivudine or brivudine, antacids,
             or allopurinol

          -  Not registered in another clinical trial with an experimental drug




18 Years - 80 Years

Accepts Healthy Volunteers



Eric Deutsch, MD, , 

Location Countries


Location Countries


Administrative Informations



Organization ID


Secondary IDs


Responsible Party


Study Sponsor


Study Sponsor

Eric Deutsch, MD, Principal Investigator, Gustave Roussy, Cancer Campus, Grand Paris

Verification Date

February 2020