A Study for the Ocular Toxocariasis Patients With the Pulmonary Toxocariasis, and Ocular Toxocariasis Cohort
A Study for the Ocular Toxocariasis in the Patients Who Were Diagnosed With the Pulmonary Toxocariasis, and Ocular Toxocariasis Cohort: TOXOCARA Study
TOXOCARA Study is a prospective observational cohort study. The aim of this study is to
evaluate the incidence of ocular toxocariasis (OT) associated with pulmonary toxocariasis
(PT) in patients with chest diagnostic image tests (chest X-ray, chest CT) with migrating
ground glass opacity or nodular lesions. Also a cohort study is to track the results of
treatment for diagnosed ocular toxocariasis (OT) patients.
Toxocara canis (also known as dog roundworm) is wide-reaching parasite of dogs and other
canids. It can spread between animals such as cats, pigs and cows by ingestion of worm eggs
from the feces of an infected animal.
In humans, two pathways of infection are known: first, ingestion of the eggs and second,
larvae encapsulated in the tissues of the infected animal.
The encapsulated larvae hatch in the small intestine and pass through the barrier to the
portal vein, the liver, the lung, the eye, etc. and remain as encapsulated larvae or survive
for a period of time.
Infection into humans has been reported through ingestion of uncooked liver of cows, pigs,
sheep, chickens, and meat (muscle).
When encapsulated larvae migrate to the body such as lungs, eosinophils activate and
proliferate to eliminate the parasites.
They can be expressed as ground glass opacity (GGO) or nodular lesion by aggregated
eosinophils, which are mistaken for lung cancer or pneumonia to be investigated.
Asthma exacerbation, cough and other symptoms of respiratory system could be revealed, but
In this study, the investigators defined pulmonary toxocariasis (PT) as a positive form of
serum toxocara Ab and migrating pulmonary GGOs or nodular lesions in chest diagnostic image
tests (chest X-ray, chest CT) from the patient.
Also ocular toxocariasis (OT) is defined by the clinical manifestation of intraocular
infection by Toxocara larvae with a positive result of serum toxocara Ab.
Clinical manifestations of OT may also cause blindness of peripheral granuloma, optic
neuritis, chorioretinitis, conjunctivitis, keratitis, iridocyclitis and cataract.
The investigators want to investigate the incidence of OT associated with PT in patients with
chest diagnostic image tests (chest X-ray, chest CT) with migrating GGOs or nodular lesions.
Also a cohort study is to track the results of treatment for diagnosed OT patients.
Observational [Patient Registry]
Number of patients with pulmonary toxocariasis (PT)
Incidence of Cysticercosis
* Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by National Clinical Trials Identifier (NCT ID) in Medline.
July 10, 2017
July 31, 2020
Primary Completion Date
July 31, 2020
- Aged 18 years and older
- Patient who has positive result of Toxocara Ab
- Patient who has history of eating of law animal liver or meat
- Patient who has the chest diagnostic image tests (chest X-ray, chest CT) with
migrating ground glass opacity or nodular lesions.
- Age < 18 years
- Pregnant woman
- Malignant patient
- Patient who has pulmonary infectious lesion such as pneumonia, fungus and tuberculosis
- Patients who were diagnosed by benign or malignant pulmonary nodule
- Patient who was not consented