Degenerative motor system diseaseThe primary locus of motor neuron death in an ALS-PDC mouse model.
The primary locus of motor neuron death in an ALS-PDC mouse model.
Neuroreport. 2009 Sep 23;20(14):1284-9
Authors: Lee G, Chu T, Shaw CA
A mouse model of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis-parkinsonism-dementia complex based on the consumption of cycad seed flour was used to determine whether the observed pathology of motor neuron loss begins in the distal axons or the spinal cord. Assessments of neuromuscular junction integrity and motor neurons were performed at multiple time points. Mice fed cycad pellets performed worse on the wire hang than controls. Microglial activation in cycad-fed mice was observed with motor neuron degeneration at 12 weeks, but reactive astrocyte proliferation was not observed. After 33 weeks of cycad feeding, motor neuron loss had stabilized, with no evidence of neuromuscular junction endplate denervation. These data suggest that neuronal pathology begins at the soma and proceeds distally in a 'dying forward' pattern.
PMID: 19633581 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]